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01/07/2017 09:11:00 ق.ظ

Sir Arthur Wellesley

Sir Arthur Wellesley

Sir Arthur Wellesley

 

Translator: Zahra Zamanloo
Source: rasekhoon.net





 


Major-General Sir Arthur Wellesley after returning from India was a MP and Secretary of State of Ireland and then in April 1809 he was sent to the Iberian Peninsula against the French army. His victory over the French at the end of this year awarded him the title of "Viscount Wellington" and "Baron Douro" and in 1812 he was named as the "Earl Wellington" and "Marquis Wellington" and in 1814 he was nicknamed as "Marquis Duplex "and" Duke Wellington ".
He was at the head of British forces in the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815 where he helped the generals to defeat German Blvkhr. General Wellesley arrived in Paris on July 7, and Louis XVIII, one of the Bourbon dynasty, seated on the throne. For this victory William I, King of Holland, called him "Prince Waterloo" and reached the rank of field marshal. Arthur Wellesley at the head of an army of a million men joined the Allies and he was in Paris until 1818, during the era he was the actual ruler of an important part of Europe. In recognition of his services, the British government gave Wellesley 500 thousand pounds sterling (equivalent to 12.5 million pounds today) cash bonuses and the House of Commons also allocated 200 thousand pounds and bought him a vast estate in Hampshire.
Wellington during the past thirty-seven years was one of the main leaders of the "Tory" (conservative) and the most influential figures in politics of Great Britain. In January 1819 he was appointed as the head of military procurement in Great Britain and he was at this position up to April 1827 as a member of the Cabinet. After nine months, he resigned from the Cabinet, and he was appointed as Prime Minister of Great Britain and up to November 1830 he was in this position. In 1834 he was the head of Oxford University and in the same year he was as the Secretary of State of Robert Peel for a short time. Wellington was the English hero during the aging years and he was known as the "Duke Paladin". A Collection of Wellington̓ s correspondences has been published in 34 volumes in the years 1834-1880.
Wellesley family, as the family of Pitt, made the foundations of their enormous wealth in the Indian subcontinent. Before sending Richard and Arthur Wellesley to India, they did not have much richness in comparison to British nobility. Richard Aldington, wrote about the biography of Arthur Wellesley: when he joined the army, he was paying for the education and life of his older brother, Richard, who was the head of the family. In early 1790 Arthur Wellesley fell in love with Catherine Pakenham, but Lord Langford, Catherine's brother, did not allowed the marriage "because Wellesley was poor." It was only after his return from India that Wellesley was able to marry Catherine Pakenham. Aldington says Arthur Wellesley did not have a Glory marriage and after marriage, he had date with many women and therefor he was known as London's "Bio".

In politics of England, Wellesley’s family were the defenders of the slave trade. When in 1833, in the wake of escalating wave of opposition to the slave trade, the slave trade in the Indian ban was introduced in the House of Lords, Arthur Wellesley rose to oppose it on the grounds that "Muslims used to have a slave" calling for its amendment. He said: I know in the cottage of each Muslim soldier of Indian army there is a female slave who is always with him in all missions and I propose you that if you want to keep your ruling on India moderate this law.
Wellington’s opinion was accepted and the law was amended.
No doubt Richard Wellesley during his military adventures in India had full support of Jewish oligarchs in the area. Family of Qavam Shirazi had an active role in the interest of Jewish family and the Wellesley’s endeavors in Iran shows this link. Note that during the murder of Ibrahim Khan Qavam and the difficult situation for this family in Iran, Mirza Abol Hassan Shirazi, his nephew and bridegroom who was the ruler of Shuster at this time, took refuge in India and had a wealthy life there for four years. The trip was coincided with the end of the four-year of Wellesley’s reign in India. Mirza Abol Hassan Shirazi̓ s logbook indicates his close links with the family of Wellesley in the embassy in London (1809-1810).
Richard Wellesley, who was the minister of foreign affairs at this time, tried his best to increase the political honor of Abol Hassan in Iran.
Interest of Wellesley to Hasan Shirazi is not certainly a coincidence and it had a history of deep links with Great Britain's colonial oligarchy especially with "hidden Jews" in Iran particularly Qavam family.
Mirza Hasan Shirazi attendant and guide (legate) on this trip to Gore Ouseley (1770-1844), respectively.
Ozli, is one of the prominent activist in the British colonies. In 1788 he went to India to serve as a businessman and worked for Sadat Ali Khan, Nawab of Oudh. In 1805 he returned to England and in 1808, he became "Baronet".
On May 5, 1811 Ozli as an extraordinary and plenipotentiary minister of Britain in Iran entered the port of Bushehr with Hasan Shirazi and on 11 November he went to the presence of Fath Ali Shah in Tehran. He later signed the treaty of 1812M March. / 1227Q, between Iran and Britain. Ozli, with Hasan Khan, played an active and mysterious role in the wars between Iran and Russia and the Treaty of Golestan (October 12th 1813M. / 29 Shawwal 1228Q.) Was signed between Iran and Russia with his help. The Iranian side signatory to the Treaty was Shiraz Mirza Abol Hassan Khan. The activity of Ozli in the treaty was manifestly in the interest of Russia (the United Kingdom in the Napoleonic wars) and therefore on the way back to London (August 1814) Alexander I, Tsar of Russia, cared for him. Sir Dennis Wright writes: The treaty of Golestan was a big hit for Iranians and they were forced to lose all their territory at north of Aras.
Iranians have blamed Ozli for this humiliation and believe that his passion for peace caused by the preference of Great Britain’s interests over the interests of Iran.
Mehdi Bamdad writes:
In 1229, Mirza Abol Hassan Khan became an extremely officer for changes in the Treaty of Golestan and revised in material so he went with many gifts to the Embassy of the Russian court. Since Sir Ozli had performed his duties in Iran very well so he was called to England. He went to Pittsburgh two months before Mirza Hasan Khan, from which he was heading to London. Mirza Abol Hassan Khan returned to Tehran without any good result and again Iran was deceived and Golestan treaty remained in force.
In 1820, Ozli became a member of the Privy Council of British king. He is the co-founder of the British Orientalists called "Royal Asiatic Society".
Hasan Khan once again in the 1234-1235Q. / 1819-1820M, was the ambassador of Fath Ali Shah in England and then in 1239Q. / 1823M, he was Iran's foreign minister and until the death of Fath Ali Shah (1250Q. / 1834M.) He remained on this side. At this time the second round of wars between Iran and Russia occurred and despite the heroism of Abbas Mirza, the infamous Treaty Turkmenchay was signed (5 Shaban 1243Q. / February 22 1828M.). The murder of Alexander Griboyedov, the famous Russian poet and playwright and the country's minister of Iran (3 Shaban 1244Q. / January 30 1829M.), Also took place at the Ministry of Hasan Khan Shirazi.
Abol Hassan Shirazi, such as Haji Mirza Aghasi Iravani, was a staunch opponent of Mirza Qasim Khan Farahani, Deputy Minister of Abbas Mirza and first chancellor of Mohammad Shah, and he was removed from the scene at time of the deputy prime minister. During this period, he was a member of the conspiratorial who were engaged in a conspiracy against the regent.
After the murder of Regent (30 zero-1251Q. / June 26 1835M.), AH Khan Shirazi once again came to power in 1254Q. / 1838M., during the tenure of Haji Mirza Aghasi, Iran's foreign minister for a second time. Until his death (1262Q. / 1845M.) He was on this side.
Mirza Abol Hassan Khan Shirazi had a copy of the logbook of his trip to London at the Library of Parliament and other version is available at "Great Britain Library". This itinerary is based on the printed text version of the Library of Parliament. According to Hassan Javadi, an Iranian scholar living in America, a third version of this itinerary is more detailed than two versions and it is in the hand of Hasan Khan Shirazi (in Tehran).
Wellesley family does not belong only to the history of the nineteenth century, as many members of the family of oligarchic, they were the predatory of past three or four centuries, a phenomenon of the modern world that is alive and active. At the end of the twentieth century Wellesley is still present and like past they are in relation with contemporary cosmopolitan of oligarchs and the members of the Jewish plutocracy.
Today, descendants of Wellington, who also (born 1915) is Arthur Wellesley, is the eighth Duke of Wellington.
Current Arthur Wellesley, is a graduate of Oxford, during the Second World War he was in the ranks of the Great Britain army in the Middle East, and after a period of military service in important positions, since 1967 he was a board member of one of the companies affiliated to the "Massey Ferguson" and until 1989, he was on this side. In the years 1973-1984 he was also a member on board of parent company. In the years 1983-1989 he was vice-president of "the Zoological Society of London".
Now Son of current Duke Wellington, who also is Arthur Wellesley, (born 1945) is called "Marquis Duplex" and he will be the ninth Duke of Wellington after his father's death. 53-year-old Lord Douro ended his education at Christchurch College, Oxford and he worked at the network-owned enterprises of global plutocracy. Including, in the years 1977-1980 he was the member of the board "railway companies of Chile Bolivia" respectively.
Lord Douro is currently a board member of companies of "Transatlantic Holdings" (1983), "Global asset Worldwide Management" (1984), life insurance companies of "San" affiliated to the company of " San "Rothschild (1988) and" Rothman International " (from 1990). He headed the company since 1991. "Dunhill Holdings" retains the affiliated companies of Rotuman- Dunhill cigarette production complex. In the years 1979-1984 he was a representative of the House of Commons of Great Britain.
in 1977 Lord Douro married to Princess Antonia van Pros, the daughter of Prince Frederick (from family Hahn Zvlrn), and the following year (31 January 1978) they had a boy, who also was named Arthur Wellesley. The 21-year-old son now has one of the highest titles of nobility and "Earl of Mornington". He may currently studying at Oxford or Cambridge, and one day he will be the tenth Duke Wellington, and if like past the global governance continues on the contemporary world, he will be on top of a series of major companies affiliated to it.
And finally, the grandson of Henry Wellesley, is Wellesley Garrett fifth and the youngest son, who is also named today as the Lord Cowley seventh, and his name is Garrett. Garrett Graham Wellesley, or Lord Cowley seventh (born 1934), is a full-fledged American. He is graduated from the University of California and Harvard and he has chosen a wife from the people of Nevada. Lord Cowley is located at the head of a group of "American" companies related to the financial complex of "Bank of America".

 

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