One of narrations that proves the immaculateness of Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) and his undeniable superiority over all of the companions and the whole nation is the well known narration
«علي مع الحق والحق مع علي»
According to this narration, Amir Momenan always follows right path and he never seperates from it and right is around him wherever he is. This is same absolute immaculateness that the Shias consider for him because the absolue immaculateness means permanent follower of the right path, behaviors along with reward and lack of mistakes in behaviors and remarks and when the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) attested that Amir Momenan ( peace be upon him) always followed the right path in all aspects and never separated from the right path, the absolute immaculaeness of the Imam Ali (peace be upon him) was proved because the remarks and behaviors of an evildoer does not follow the right path. However, sometimes, they may be against the right path because persosns that are not innocent always make mistakes.
When persons that deny the virtues of Ahle Beit (peace be upon them) study this narration and such content, they stand aginst it strongly. For example, Ibn Teimie Harani that has denied the virtues of Ahle Beit (peace be upon them) for along time has claimed with closed eyes that this narration has neither valid document nor weak document.
We will analyze the documents of this narration in the Sunni books briefly so that the honest of the remarks of Ibn Teimie can be aready surveyed.
A lot of narrators have narrated the remark of (Shias ) that the messenger of God ( peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said '' Ali always follows the right path and he is right and righ always is around him. These never separate from each other until they join me beside the Kosar Pool''. This is considred one of greatest lies and stupid remarks.
Since no one has narrated this Hadith (whether valid document or weak document) from the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants), how do the Shias claim that all of narrators have narrated this narration.
The reason of the falsity of the claim of the Shias is '' right is around no one except the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and if right is around Ali, he should be innocent the same as the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). This demonstrates the stupidity of Shias for their claim. However, persons that are wise know that Imam Ali (peace be upon him) is more qualified than Abubakr, Umar, Usman and others in immaculateness because no one is immaculate among the mentioned persons, the falsity of the claim of the Shias can be understood.
«الحق مع ذا» the first narration
Abu Yala Museli in the book '' Mosnad'', Abubakr Ajori in the book '' Al-Sharie'', Ibn Hajar Asghalani in the book '' Al-Mataleb Al-Alie'', Ibn asaker Dameshghi in the book '' the history of Medina and Damascus'', Siuti in the book '' Jame Al-Ahadith'' and Motaghi Hendi in the book '' Kenz Al-Amal'' have written
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ الْمَكِّيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ صَدَقَةَ بْنِ الرَّبِيعِ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ غَزِيَّةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ: كُنَّا عِنْدَ بَيْتِ النَّبِيِّ (ص) فِيْ نَفَرٍ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالأَنْصَارِ، فَخَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا فَقَالَ: «أَلا أُخْبِرُكُمْ بِخِيَارِكُمْ؟» قُلْنَا: بَلَى. قَالَ: «خِيَارُكُمُ الْمُوفُونَ الْمُطَيِّبُونَ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْخَفِيَّ التَّقِيَّ»
قَالَ: وَمَرَّ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ فَقَالَ: «الْحَقُّ مَعَ ذَا، الْحَقُّ مَعَ ذَا
It has been narrated from Abu Saeid '' we along with some migrants and supporters were beside the house of the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). The prophet left the house and said '' would you like to inform you who is best among you? '' We said ''yes''. He said '' the best person among you is a person that keeps his promises and is a pious person. Indeed, God likes a person that is pious secretly.
Abu Saeid said '' in such time, Ali Bin Abi Taleb passed by there. Then the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said '' he is right. He is right''.
Analyzing the document of the narration
There is no fault in this narration from the aspect of document. After narrating this narration, Ibn Hajar Heithami has said
ومر علي بن أبي طالب فقال: الحق مع ذا الحق مع ذا.
رواه أبو يعلى ورجاله ثقات.
Abu Yala has narrated this narration and its narrators are reliable.
Although the clarification of Heithami is enough to prove the validity of the document of the narration, we will analyze each and every narration.
Muhammad Bin Ebad Al-Maki
He is one of the narrators of Bokhari, Mosalam, Termezi, Ibn Maje, and Nasaee, Mezi has written in the book '' Tahzib Al-Kamal'' about him
Abdullah Bin Ahmad Bin Hanbel said '' I asked my father about him ''. He said '' his narrations are kinds of narrations that honest people narrate. I hope there are no faults in them''. Abdullah says '' I heard my once more that my father said '' my heats witnesses that he is very honest''. Abu Zare has said '' it has been narrated that Yahya Bin Moein said '' there is no fault in him''. Ibn Haban has mentioned him as reliable persons in the book '' Al-Saghat''.
All of the persons of Sehah Sete, except Abu Davud, have narrated a narration from him.
Abu Saeid Abd Al-Rahman Bin Abdullah
He is one of narrators of Bokhari, Nasaee and Ibn Maje
Abd Al-Rahman Bin Abdullah was Hafez (he memorized a hundred Hadiths). He has narrated narrations from Akrame and Shoabe and Ahmad Bin Hanbel and Andi have narrated narrations from him. He is reliable and he deceased in 197 A.H. Bokhari, Nasaee and Ibn Maje have narrated narrations from him.
Sadaghe Bin Al-Rabie
Ibn Haban has mentioned his name as one of reliable persons in the book '' Al-Saghat''
صدقة بن الربيع يروى عن عمارة بن غزية روى عنه أبو سعيد مولى بنى هاشم
After narrating a narration that Sadaghe Bin Al-Rabie is in its document, Heithami has said
رواه أبو يعلى ورجاله رجال الصحيح غير صدقة بن الربيع وهو ثقة.
Abu Yala has narrated this narration and all of its narrators are the narrators of the book '' Sahih Bokhari'' except Sadaghe Bin Rabie that is reliable.
After narrating a narration that Sadaghe Bin Rabie is in its document, Muhammad Bin Durish has said
رجاله رجال الصحيح غير صدقة بن الربيع، وهو ثقة.
The narrators of this narration are the narrators of the book '' Sahih'' of Bokhari except Sadaghe Bin Rabie that is reliable.
He will prove his reliability with the attestation of these three Sunni great scientists. In addition, there is no weakness about him in the Sunni books.
Amare Bin Ghazie
He is one of the narrators of Bokhari, Mosalam and other persons of Sehah Sete. Mezi has written in the book '' Tahzib Al-Kamal'' about him
Abdullah Bin Ahmad Bin Hanbel has narrated from his father and Abu Zare that he is reliable. Ishagh Bin Mansur has narrated from Yahya Bin Moein that he is righteous. Abu Hatem has said ' there is no fault in his narrations and he is very honest''. Nasaee has said '' there is no fault in him''. Muhammad Bin Sad has said '' he passed away in 140 A.H. and was a reliable person and narrated a lot of narrations. Bokhari has referred to his narrations in the book '' Sahih'' and he has also narrated narrations from him in the book '' Adab Al-Mofrad'' and other persons of Sehah Sete have narrated narrations from him.
Abd Al-Rahman Bin Abi Saeid
He is one of narrators of Bokhari, Mosalam and other Sehah Sete. Mezi has written in the book '' Tahzib Al-Kamal''
قال النَّسَائي: ثقة. وذكره ابنُ حِبَّان في كتاب"الثقات"، وَقَال هو ومحمد بن عَبد الله بن نمير، وعَمْرو بن علي: مات سنة اثنتي عشرة ومئة. زاد ابن حبان: وهو ابن سبع وسبعين سنة. استشهد به البخاري في الصحيح، وروى له في الأدب. وروى له الباقون.
Nasaee has said '' he is reliable''. Ibn Haban has mentioned his name in the book '' Al-Saghat'' and he has said '' Muhammad Bin Abdullah Bin Namir and Umarv Bin Ali passed away in 212 A.H. Ibn Haban has added '' he was seventy seven in the time of his decease. Bokhari referred to his narrations in the book '' Sahih'' and he has narrated in the book '' Adab Al-Mofrad'' other persons of Sehah Sete have narrated a narration from''.
Abu Saeid Al-Khodri
He is one of companions.
Hence, there is no fault in the validity of this narration.
«أَنْتَ مَعَ الْحَقِّ وَالْحَقُّ مَعَكَ حَيْثُ مَا دَارَ» the second narration
Ibn Asaker Dameshghi has written in the book '' Tarikh Medina Damascus''
Moavie came to Medina after Hajj and attended in the meeting that Sad Bin Abi Vaghas, Abdullah Bin Umar and Abdullah Bin Abbas attended. He said to Abdullah Bin Abbas '' O' Aba Abbas! You did not recognize our right from the right of other people. You were against us not with us when I am the cousin of somenone that was killed innocently (Usman Bin Afan) and I was more qualified than others for this affair.
Referring to the son of umar, Ibn Abbas answered '' if so, he would hve been more qualified than you because his father was killed befor your cousin. Moavie said '' they are not equal because the polytheists killed his father, but the Muslims killed my cousin. Ibn Abbas answered'' since they were Muslim, it causes that caliphate never belongs you and it abolishes your reason more easily''.
Then Moavoe left Ibn Abbas and said to Sad Bin Abi Vaghas'' O' Abu Ishagh! You ignored our righ and left us. You were neither with us nor against us''.
Sad said '' I saw that the world had become dark. Then I said to my camel '' (lie down). I had my camel lie down until it became light. Moavie said '' in this meantime, I recited Quran, but I did not recite the word '' Ekh'' in the book of God.
Sad answered '' on the face of it, you have decided not to accept it. I heard that the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said to Imam Ali (peace be upon him) '' you always follow the right path and you are right in any situations''. Moavie said '' you should come up to documents for whatever you have said ''. Sad said '' Um Salame attests that the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) has said it''.
Then all of them stood up, came to Moavie and said '' O' Amir Momenan! A lot of persons tell a lie about the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). Ibn Sad has narrated from the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) remarks that we did not hear that he said to Imam Ali (peace be upon him)'' you always follows the right path and right is within you wherever you are''. Then Um Salame said'' the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said this matter to Ali in my house''.
Then Moavie said to Sad '' O' Abu Ishagh! I should not have been admonished before you because you heard this matter from the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants), but you did not join Imam Ali (peace be upon him). If I had heard such matter from the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants), I would have been the servant of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) until the time of my death.