Translator: Davood Salehan
According to Imam Khomeini's viewpoints about mysticism, politics and religion and epistemology and anthropology, we can conclude that his thinking is systematic and has solid bases. This idea is end circuit and knows all thought and action elements and individual and collective structures in order to achieve development and welfare and God. It is obvious that in such a thinking system, awareness and guidance is the main axis and human society in order to achieve their goals requires a genuine symbol of the God. The symbol in religious and theological epistemology of us, Muslims, is "perfect man" that in the prophesy period manifests as the chosen prophet and during Imam Era it manifest as innocent Imam and during the absence of Imam, it manifests as mystics and wise person at the head of the political thought system.
In point of view of Imam Khomeini, the perfect man in the political approach from the perspective of transcendental philosophy is spiritual and mystical element that is negligible effects of the Almighty God in terms of ontology, and he has the high position of Caliph of God. All existence is introduction of perfect human, and man is the only chosen creature of God, and he has absolute patronage on all objects and affairs. Man must display the Absolute God in his life, society, government and politics by overcome evil desires and refine and serve to servants as well as quest for the good for them and having divine intentions.
The perfect man, the symbol of the Greatest Name of Allah
After the advent of the Most Great Name, first truth that is complete manifestation of the greatest name and reflects all the attributes and perfections was the perfect man in the world of objects. This stable thing is interpreted as to be fixed Muhammadiyah thing and Muhammadiyah fact.
Indeed, the reality of perfect man who is the symbol of the greatest name, and has been determining express of the greatest name and the name of Allah is conscience and unseen of the perfect man. Because according to the rational rules, there are unity and rational contrast between the two categories of the look and the symbol and determination and determinate object in the universe are the same reality. Therefore, there is an objectivity relationship between the Greatest Name of God and perfect man, and truth of man is the same as the greatest name, in such a way that the two exist in unity and objectivity, but they are different in intellect and meanings implications; therefore, the truth of perfect man is the first appearance in the world of permanent archetype. Wise men talk about beings and realities of seeable world as mighty creatures. The human reality is intermediate of the grace of God and is the tool for emergence of all the names and beauty and glory attributes of Lord to other possible worlds. So that God flows his grace and force and blessing and glory and beauty through his essence' valve.
Reality of the perfect man is grace and source of the manifestation of God's names and attributes, and if the fact had not popped, none of the archetypes and rational worlds and minds and souls of purgatory, and the natural world and the worlds of matter and property and kingdom were not fulfilled, and the divine sources of grace would not flow.
Perfect man, a good role model in the political mysticism of Imam
In Imam Khomeini's opinion, the perfect man is not simply unattainable ideal man or isolated man and away from society and people, and according to the principle of human evolution and human society, it is the perfect man that uses all the forces of society to work towards spiritual perfection and moves the community and accepts the dangerous responsibility of implementing the divine laws and establishing Islamic rule structures and law and justice along with people. Therefore, the objective realization of perfect man is serving the people and satisfying them.
Imam Khomeini offers concept of the perfect man in the objectivity of the society in an understanding way and shone a new interpretation of the place of the theory in training humans. Imam asks everyone to be members of one human being, and asks all human beings to be at the service of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and all be members of him.
The inherent dignity of the perfect man
Allah said: "Verily we created man in the best of moods and then, we returned him to the lowest position", and it implies former human being before the world of nature: as it is constant and stable in the eyes of scholars:
And return from the best to the lowest is not possible except by passing through the middle grades and houses: so human goes from the Prophet in divine providence to world and from there goes to the intellectual world and clergies who are closer to God than the angels and from there goes to Upper kingdom, and from there goes to purgatory and the world of Ideas and from the world of ideas goes to the natural world, with the lowest levels it to the lowest position (that is the world of monsters and the first earth and is the seventh floor and the lowest floor) that is the last revelation of the man and then he passed the upward trend from the monsters to the highest point.
Therefore, the perfect man [comprehensive man] is the entire chain of existence and circle [of universe] will be complete with him, and He is the First and the Last, the Manifest and the Hidden, and He is the book of God: and triple credits [former mentioned] is true about him. So, if he [would] be considered as the same book, his soul and mind and spirit and nature and are the chapters and verses that each of them are the words of God: and if he [as] is considered as several books, each of his soul and mind and spirit and temperament will be separate books which have chapters and verses. Then, due to credit of subtraction existence and plurality is "Criterion", as it has been narrated that Ali (AS) is separator between right and wrong, and to validity of existence of mass he is 'Qur'an'.