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22/10/1396 12:02:00 ق.ظ

Darreh Shahr, the first historical city of the Sassanid era

Darreh Shahr, the first historical city of the Sassanid era

Darreh Shahr, the first historical city of the Sassanid era

Translator: Davood Salehan
Source: Rasekhoon.net


 
Extracted from Rasekhoon

On the east of the Darreh Shar County on the left side of the Sarab River we can see a four-arched building on a red hill which is known as Darreh Shar four-arched.
Considering the material and architecture style of the early Islamic era, it dates to more than 1,400 years ago. In the southern part of the four-arched building, there are remains of 10-meter-long stairs with width of one meter with a slight slope, which has probably been "inlet to the building." The four-arched is based on a 5-by-5-meter square-shaped plan. The width of the walls is 80 cm and the height of the arch from the ground is 1/70 cm. Its single-shell dome is built on a round four arched and is made with an earring system. There is a valve above the dome that is closed when the valve is restored
Darreh Shahr was summer capital of the Elamites from the distant past, and its peak was in the Sassanid period, which was the land of magnates and elders.
Since this county has Lurs, there are Lurish songs and lyrics in this county which are represented in varied styles including: festive and martial and epic forms. For instance a song called Sayerkhuni, which is a touching music and is chanted by Lurish accent. Kamanche is used to play it.
There are rain-fed farms and water farms with fertile soil around the county. The farms of Darreh Shar are irrigated by the water of the Seymareh Sikan River and other small water springs, and digging deep and semi-deep wells provides needed water. In the fields of the villages of Darreh Shar planting of rice, wheat, barley and cucurbitaceous is done. One of the most important products of Darreh Shar is cucumber which is well-known. The city has two parts. People in Darreh Shahr speak Lori and Kurdish more often, but the language of the people in one of the parts is Kurdish.
There are countless historical and natural monuments in this county due to the fact that it is located near Kebir Kouh and along with the ruins of the ancient city of Madagotto of the Sassanid era and the Seymare River. The historical significance of Darreh Shahr is so much that historians have called it the first historical city of the Sassanid period.
● Historic Places
The most important sights and shrines of Darreh Sahr are: the ruins of the city of Seymareh and the monuments of the palaces and historical markets - the water mill and the castle of Sheikh Makhou (Shi Mohammad Khan) in Sheikh Makan village - the beautiful natural Bahram Chobin Tange on the path of Darreh Shahr to Pole dokhtar - Tiger ancient hill beside Darreh Shahr - Historical ruins in summer quarter area Kalam part Badre and also warm valley of Kalam Bidra – Four-arched of Sassanid Empire in Darreh Shahr - Marbareh waterfall near Darreh Shahr along road of Pol-e Dokhtar - Zamzam Water Basin near Jabir Tomb - Historical Works of the Bridge of Gavmishan related to the Sassanid era on Seymareh - Jaber Ansari Shrine in Jaber Kalam village - the shrine of Baba Saifuddin in Armu village- Immamzade Saleh in Majeen- historic village and castle Majeen – KulKani cave in Majeen and beautiful landscapes of Kabir Kuh along Sameer River.
The name of Darreh Shahr city may have been taken from the Seymareh River, which was called Gamsab before the arrival of Ilam, and it was called Seymara by arrival to Ilam. Some say that the county is named Darreh Shahr ( Valley city) because it is located next to the Seymare River in one of the valleys of Kabir Kuh. The historic and ancient Darreh Shahr County has been ruined many times in different eras. Among its destructive factors was the invasion of the armies of Assyria and the capital of the Arabs. There is even one other point of view which suggest that Darreh Shahr has been the location of the ancient city of Elamite Madaktov. the Elamites, who were the ruler of the Lorestan mountains during the ancient times, surrounded valley of the river and the great road of communication between the area and the northern border, and they established strongholds, and Madagutto, their second capital is one of them.
Apparently Darreh Shahr was the first Elamite city that was destroyed by invasion of Assyrian Bani Pal and its people were killed. In the Seymare Valley, the remains of the ruins of the Sassanid era are seen.
It seems that Darreh Shahr was still destroyed or did not have the importance of the past during the Achaemenid period, but the Parthian period was the period of its revival, and was revived in the Sassanid period. In the ruins Darreh Shahr, which is a remained city from the time of the Sassanid era, there are signs of paths and streets and alleys with a special order that were common in constructions of that period. Coins found in the ruins of Darreh Shahr belong to Khosrow III and his ancestors. It was said that Darreh Shahr had more than 5,000 homes during its development. There is no trace of a building among its ruins that may have been a mosque or temple of the Islamic era. At present, Darreh Shahr county which is on Kabir Kuh and beside the ruins of the ancient Sassanid city and the rough river of Seymare is considered as one of the ancient and important cities of the province of Ilam by farming potential and rich water resources and dense forests. Some believe that Darreh Shahr was made by Khosrow Parviz the Sassanid king.
● Tomb of Imamzadeh Saleh
The Tomb of Imam Zadeh Saleh is located in the Majeen Cemetery from the functions of Darreh Shahr. This monument is a quadrangle built in two floors with a pyramidal dome. The main shrine is located on the lower floor of the building. This floor is made entirely of bricks and it is covered with arch. On the second floor of the building, the grave is made with gypsum and clay cover. This building, which belongs to the eighth century AH, requires complete restoration. The stucco inside the tomb is one of the most valuable works of the period.
● Jabir Darreh tomb
The Jaber Valley is located between the Male Riche and Chal Mi mountains. At the end of the valley and on the slopes of Mount Chal Mi there is a tomb like Tomb of Daniel. The entrance door is facing the north and opens to the place where people took off their shoes. The tomb is 15 meters long and 9 meters wide. The building has 8 columns and 9 arches of the southern north and 9 east-west arches have been built on it by 2 meters high. The floor of the tomb is two steps below the shoe floor. There is an alter in the southern wall and there is a gypsum inscription in the bottom of it and there are sacred words around it and there are several flowers on the middle of it. In the upper corner of the inscription, the words of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and la illah ila allah. This monument is the most important shrine of Darreh Shahr.

/J

 
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