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17/11/1396 06:00:00 ق.ظ

Traditional tile art

Traditional tile art

Traditional tile art

Translator: MAJID JAMAL ZADE
Source: Rasekhoon.net
Exracted from seeiran
The beautiful art of tile is the old and old handmade art of Iran, the most beautiful and oldest of which is Isfahan turquoise tile, and the historical inscriptions of the Seljuk minarets have been decorated with them. The eighth century AH is the time when this beautiful art was used a lot in monumental art and continued until the end of the 12th century (SAFAVID extinction).
Gradually, the use of tiles with flowers and plants, and in particular the type of clay and seven colors for mosques, also led to homes, and the Isfahan tile masters exceeded the flowers and bushes and geometric shapes and dedicated the figures of different types of animals and birds in the palaces and Commonly used homes, tile art was still used by Isfahan artists, which was used in most of the buildings.
One of the most striking artifacts in the history of the times, have considered the Islamic tile art, especially the tile of seven colors, and Isfahan people, believe that the colors used in the art of tile work, each represents a certain period of history, and after centuries, these tiles have not changed, and their color is still lasting.
The paints used in old tiles, because of the combination of lead and tin, have a lot of resistance, so that they have retained their beauty for centuries, while in new imported color, it changes very soon, and has no durability of old colors .
With this famous and renowned art, scientists and mathematicians today believe that Islamic tile art is linked to mathematics and is linked together, as it relates to music, closely.
Tile art has a long history and its power reaches the millennium BC. At the beginning, this art was mostly used with glazed bricks to strengthen the building and display the same, but gradually used in the exterior arrangement of facades and buildings, so that pre-Islamic tile has also been considered a lot in Iran.
Of course, mostly monochrome tiles and possibly just a few colored ones were used with little decorations. But after Islam, this art took on a different form, and since it refers to mathematics and geometry in the verses of the Holy Qur'an, the glittering designs in the field of design and the geometric designs that Iranian Muslim architects used in this art, showed its beauty more openly.
In the Islamic era, tile art was used more in the building of mosques and schools, and this provided the opportunity for the verses of the Qur'an and prophetic hadiths and narratives of the Imams to make appearance in this art.
This art has been performed in different periods of Islamic times with mathematical teachings with chest to chest method as well as in scientific form.
The movements of the lines and rules of the field of a work and knot in the house of a peculiar chess, in various forms, based on the specific combinations of the principles of the knot arrangement, stemmed from the mathematical formulas in this art, which today appear in the important buildings of Islamic tile.

/J

 
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