Translator: Hasti Tavakoli
Extracted from Rasekhoon
On the one side is the valley there are houses and on the other side there are beautiful gardens that have given a greenery view to the nature of the village.
This village is located in a valley in the middle of high mountains and its houses on the mountain slope are built in a way that roof of lower house is the yard of upper house.
Navaygan is more beautiful than Masouleh, and it is introduced as Fars’s Tourism Sample village.
This mountainous and beautiful village is located 47 km east of Darab city and dates back to 1800. Based on a stone script the repair of the mosque dates back to time of Khaje Abdullah Ansari and some graves are discovered in the old graveyard of Navaygan facing Jerusalem.
This village is located in a valley in the middle of the high mountains, and its houses on the slope of the mountain are built in a way that the roof of the lower house is yard of the upper house.
On the one side of the valley there are houses and on the other side there are beautiful gardens that have given a greenery view to the nature of the village.
The clean and mountainous climate of the village and its special refreshing, especially in summer, add to the attractions of this place.
This beautiful and interesting village has many tourist attractions, but as it is not well-known they have not paid adequate attention to it. Fortunately, in recent years, the Cultural Heritage Organization has provided funding for the restoration and erection of alleys, and reconstruction has begun, and the village is supposed to be introduced as the Tourism Sample village of Fars.
Navaygan Village is one of the oldest villages in Darab city and Fars province. This village is located in the east of the city of Darab and its height is 1618 meters above sea level.
It has cold winters and its summer has a special moderation. The climate is unique, and trees like palm and lime, which are special for the warm districts, are located in this area and can be planted; on the other hand, trees such as grapes, figs, almonds, walnuts and Damask Rose and Ergene, Kikam, Baneh and the wild Cedar that are related to mountainous weather are also found here abundantly.
In terms of soil fertility it is notorious. The mountains of this area are the sequence of the Zagros Mountain Range, and there are famous peaks such as Qibla Mountain, Se Chah and Miankowh, where the height of these peaks exceed 1865 meters.
The village has its own villages called Jayrud, located 6 km from Navaygan. There is also a small village named Mazrae Aab, which has a beautiful spring and is located 3 km south of Jayrud, which is drying due to continuous droughts and unauthorized drilling by some people, and if so, in the next few years, there will be no trace of this spring.
There are nearly 24 families in the village in the summer.
In this place, a mosque is also built in the name of Sahib Al Zaman Mosque (aj) and black plum, walnut and almond trees make up this place green and the walnut of this area is of immense quality.
Next to this village (Mazrae Aab) there is a place called Heshmat, where there is also a very beautiful spring that is dying due to the drought and the trees in the area are watered from the well water.
If we go beyond these two places, we will come to another place called Aab Badam, where, like in other places, you can see farmers who are busy cultivating.
It should be noted that there are palm trees in this place that are of good quality.
If we get a little further away from Aab Badam, we will get to another place called Aab Anar, in which agriculture is difficult and hard with little water.
On the way we reach Aab Gerdu the last point of Navaygan, which is connected to the border of Jannat Shahr and has a very cold climates, and its groves are unique and famouse, giving a beautiful nature to the area.
On the other side of our tour we reach another place, which is the heart of the Navaygan’s economy, called Buneha, in which people produce over 500 tons of dried figs annually by rain, which is the second largest producer of figs after Estahban in Fars province.
Another place is Behruyeh, where more than 800 tons of grapes are produced in this place, which converts these grapes to raisins based on an old tradition in the same place and then they offer them to the market.
Another place is She Chah and the Miankuh that this place is the largest producer of Damask Rose by the use of rain, and annually more than 1,000 tons of Damask Roses are produced in it and it is one of the places that has its own beauty and has given a special view to Navaygan.
Livestock is another way of livelihood for Navaygan people.
The village has 2 canals in its area, which irrigates the gardens and gives a beautiful view to the village.
The village has names such as Nokan, Nodejjan, Navaygan. The oldest antique works are located on the eastern side of the castle called Peikan, whose works probably date back to the time of buff ware. However, the city has not yet been excavated and restored by cultural heritage organization. Another ancient monument of this village is a stone script in the mosque of this village dating back to 181 AH and the time of the rule of Harun al-Rasheed, the fifth Abbasid caliph, coinciding with Imam Musa Kazem (AS) and his son, Saman Olaemah. It is worth mentioning that this stone was written in the Islamic period.
● History of Navaygan
We are going to give a brief overview of the Navaygan's past, which is good to be heard by the youth. In the years 1326 AH and 1287 AH, when Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar bombarded parliament, the people of southern Iran, including East of Fars, especially the Darab Mountains (which at that time was called Davazdah Madan-e Kuhestan And Navayegan has been known as the capital of it), following the Ayatullah Hajj Sayyed Abdul Hussein Shushtari Najafi Lari and other members of his friends who fought with despotism, and one of them is the ruler of mountains (Sheikh Zakaria Ansari). During this period Sheikh Zakaria Ansari along with his soldiers conquered the cities of Neyriz and Sirjan and they also conquered Fin, bandar Abbas and Darab
After Shaykh Zakaria, his half-brother, Sheikh Abolhassan Sarkouhi (Ansari), dominated the Darab mountain region until 1308, but he traveled to Iraq in the time of Yavar Mohammad Taghi Khan’s attack to Darab and the mountains and after returning from Iraq he was exiled by Reza Khan Pahlavi in 1320 Hijri Shamsi. After Reza Khan left Iran and his deportation to the island of Mauritius, Sheikh Abolhassan was accompanied by the high authority of Seyyed Nawaddin Hosseini Hashemi and continued his political activities and by entering the party of the Persian brothers he fought with the Pahlavi regime, and in the absence of Seyyed Noor al-Din Shirazi, he became imam joma of Vakil mosque.
Socio-geopolitical and political history of Navaygan is very precious, and unfortunately, nobody is seeking to prepare these reports and they do not make them available to the present-day generation.
Navaygan has had very valuable personalities, one of these characters and honors of Fars province and Darab city is Ayatollah Haj Sheikh Yahya Ansari Shirazi.
He has played a significant role in the achievement of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, and now, at the age of 80, is one of the great professors of philosophy in the Qom Seminary, he has learned from Allameh Tabatabai and Imam Khomeini.