Kazerun, a city for all seasons
Translator: Hasti Tavakoli
Extracted from Rasekhoon
This city has been able to attract tourists in all seasons, despite its natural tourism attractions. The beauty of the waterfalls and spring fountains in the summer, the pleasant landscapes of citrus gardens in the fall, the charm of the smell of the Daffodil flowers in winter, and ultimately seeing the historical heritage and other tourist attractions of the city, all make Kazerun a peaceful and spectacular town.
With its fertile soils, abundant groundwater resources, diversity of natural resources, diverse vegetation cover and many cultural and historical heritage, Kazerun has been able to distinguish itself as a jewel in Fars province.
This city has been able to attract tourists in all seasons, despite its natural touristattractions. The beauty of the waterfalls and spring fountains in the summer, the pleasant landscapes of citrus gardens in the fall, the charm of the smell of the Daffodil flowers in winter, and ultimately seeing the historical heritage and other tourist attractions of the town, all make Kazerun a peaceful and spectacular town. Kazerun is a mountainous area along the mountains of Kohmareh Sorkhi and Arjan plain and has a strong vegetation and is the site of the passage of nomad tribes of the province.
Also, in the highlands and mountainous areas of the town, there are vast plains that are of great importance for agriculture and livestock.
Also, the favorable climate of this region has always been of interest to the sultans and the owners of all time. The existence of valuable historical works in this city confirms this theory.
● Some landmarks of Kazerun
▪ Emamzadeh Seyed Hossein
Imam Zadeh Seyyed Hossein ibn Amir ibn Ibrahim bin Zain al-Abedin (PBUH) is located alongside the village of Seyyed Hossein in the north of the historic city of Bishapur. The village has a magnificent waterfall named Sar Aab Shir, lush and green trees, citrus gardens, where the waters of the fountain always flow in them, and it has a privileged position and is one of the most spectacular and pilgrimage spots in the province. Emamzadeh Seyyed Hossein is currently under reconstruction, and its comprehensive plan includes places like auditorium, amphitheater, clinic, pilgrimage, office building, park, sports ground, cafeteria and green space.
▪ Kazerun's Nazar garden
With tall orange, pomegranate and dates trees this place is as a place for recreation and relaxation of the people of Kazerun.
▪ Tang Teykab Park
The park is on the slopes of the northern mountain of Kazerun known as Tang Teykab. In the past, in winter and spring, due to the abundant water falling from the cliffs, it turned it into a delicate environment that attracts people to the city to enjoy the beautiful natural scenery. The sound of droplets of water, mossy rocks, the abundance of wild plants, attracts every visitor's eye. In the past few years, with the help of the Kazerun Municipality, this place has been transformed into a beautiful and refreshing park equipped with light towers, large pools, and artificial waterfalls.
After crossing the famous "Old Woman" hill, a plain and gypsous tomb appears from the distance, known as "Pirbonaki".
In the past, tired travelers relaxed for a few moments after a few kilometers from Kazerun- Shiraz road. This monument is located in the vicinity of the old cemetery, where large stones are painted with beautiful lines and shapes. The feature of this tomb is that it has 2 pistachio trees on top of the roof and its dome. One of them is at the top of the root of the dome and it is not known where its root is, but it is green and has fruit every year. The other one is out of the wall of the tomb and does not reach the earth. The tomb has a grave stone that is located inside a wooden shrine.
▪ Chogan Strait
Beside the ruins of the historic city of Bishapur, on the northern side of the city between two mountains, there is a tight strait full of lush landscape and attractive views called Chogan Strait and in the local language it is known " Shakun Strait". The Shapur River passes through this strait, and the beautiful Sasan spring floats in part of the Strait. This spring has lasted for so many years, and today it also provides part of the drinking water of Kazerun and Bushehr, and part of it is used to irrigate the cultivated land of the region's farmers.
▪ Chah Barfi Abduee
Abuduee village is northeast of Kazerun that is among the mountains where one of the peaks is called "Chang", which is about 7 km from the village of Abduee. Near the Chang Peak, there is a well with a width of 2 to 3 meters and a depth of 10 to 12 meters, which is known as Chah Barfi (snow well) due to storing snow in it. The natural shape of the well is in a way that it is less exposed to sunlight, and this place is an exception in such an environment where the bright sunlight shines everywhere. This feature has caused the winter snow to be stored inside the well to stay until the end of September and in some years to the end of the year.
It takes 2 hours to go to a snow well through the village of Abduee on foot. It was the most important source of snow and ice in the past, before the fridge was used in homes.
▪ Zanjan Fountain
Kohmare Noodan is located on the Kazerun road to Shiraz, and on the slopes of the mountain, a spring flows that has clear water. This spring that its main source is from Noodan is connected to the "Pir Sabz” and from there to the Shapur River. In winter, too much water is in it due to the rain.
▪ Parishan Lake (Famour)
The lake in local language is called “Pirshun” and is located in the east of Kazerun and stores surface water from atmospheric falls.
The water of this lake is provided by hundreds of small and large springs of Arjan plain and Famur Plain.
This lake is a habitat for rare species of birds and aquatic animals such as crane, Pelican, Flamingo, Goose, Duck, Coot and .... Parishan is the only freshwater lake in Iran. The important feature of the lake in terms of ecosystem is important, so that it includes 353 native and non-native bird species. The non-indigenous and migratory birds of the lake travel to and from the far areas of Siberia and Denmark, and then move back to their original place after the season.
▪ Bakhnag plain
In the vicinity of Mount Bakhnag, there are 2 vast and fertile plains and the plain on northern side of the mountain is called "Dashtak", and the plain on the south side is known as "Dasht Bakhnag". The two plains have been considered by gardeners and farmers for their extensive underground waters, which has led them to build wells and dig in qanats, so that they could build 2 qanats in the past, called Khairat and "Bakhang".
The 2 qanats with 300 years old with watering the fields and gardens circulate 2 mills around the city of Kazerun. Today Khairat water is used for drinking water. In the late winter season and all the months of the spring, Bakhang plain is considered to be the best place for recreation and entertainment in the city for its natural beauty and natural scenery.
▪ Davan Village
This village is considered as one of the most famous villages of Kazerun. The main occupation of this village is gardening and farming. Vegetables such as wheat, barley, garden products like grapes, figs and pomegranates ... are planted in this village. Because the village is located in a mountainous region, most of its land is located on the slopes of the hills and mountains, which, with thousands of efforts, people have made it in a stare way for cultivation. Their residential houses are also built in a staircase so that the courtyard of a house forms the lower house’s roof and is therefore beautiful and notable, and in fact it can be called "Masuleh" of Fars.
▪ Cedar of Kalani
Kalani village is located near the villages of Dasht-e Baram and Abdoee. In this village there is an old and elderly cedar, which can be dared to say that after the famous cypress "Abarkuh" is the oldest cypress known in Iran. The elderly of the village estimate the age of this cedar for more than 500 years. The areas and nature surrounding this high cedar are also one of the most prominent sights in this city.
▪ Bishapur Historical City
The historic city of Bishapur was built next to the Shapur River and near the Shahi road that joined Ctesiphon to Persepolis and Persepolis to Shush, which was very important for the Sasanians because of its proximity to the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. The city is located at the entrance of a valley with a lot of lime, orange, dates trees, and plains and springs, which is a reminder of the magnificence and prosperity of the Sassanid government, due to the important carvings and important motifs of the Sassanid era. This city can be considered as one of the largest cities in the Sassanid period, which competed with the major cities of the time, such as Entakia and Byzantine.
The city was built in the form of a strong castle with a strong tower, with four gates called the gate of Hormuz, Mehr, Bahram and Shahr gate, and two fire temples by the names of Sasan and Gonbad-e-Glushan. The main design of the city was made up of 2 north-south and east-west streets that crossed each other in the city center and on the four sides of the streets there were state buildings with beautiful decorations.
▪ Shapour Cave
There is a large cave at the bottom of the Chogan Strait, which has a diameter of about 30 meters in its mouth, and due to the presence of Shapur statue on its mouth, it is known as the Shapur Cave.
The statue remains after one thousand and one hundred and seventy years old, despite serious damage to it, and it is the only remained stone statue from ancient times, which has about 6 meters height. The carved stone of this sculpture continues from the ceiling to the bottom of the cave, and the artists of the Sassanid Age have been successful in the creation of this work by abundant efforts.
▪ Mian Katal Walkway
This walkway in the southwest of Arjan plain and adjacent to the old Kazerun road to Shiraz, is located in an area known for the Persian yellow deer habitat. The mentioned walkway has many attractions with the natural mountainous environment and massive and densely covered oak trees.
▪ Kazerun Daffodil Lands
Nearby Kazerun is full of flowers of Narcissus and numerous Daffodil lands. Daffodils of Kazerun have special freshness and variety, which includes several species such as six-petal Daffodil, Shahla and ordinary, among which Shahla is known for its beauty and pleasant smell. The largest part of Daffodil Lands of Kazerun by 25 hectares is located in Jereh, Belbek, Sarmashhad, Famor, all of which are in Bala Deh and Jereh, and also Khesht Dffodil is in the Khesht and beside Takhteh.
This plant, which flourishes in the winter has a lot of fans due to its high quality, and they are exported to cities of Isfahan, Tehran, and the southern borders of the Persian Gulf.... In recent years, with the help of the Natural Resources Department of Kazerun, the surface area of the Kazerun Daffodil has increased to 4 times more than past, and it is hoped that with the commencement of Kazerun's Daffodil owners’ cooperative, it will lead to a better and more qualitative development.
However, what we have mentioned is just a corner of the historical monuments of the city of Kazerun, and if archaeologists explore and dig in the area, they will definitely evoke a different cultural heritage from the soil as a large part of the works mentioned were expelled from the soil after many excavations in 1347.