The mission of the prophet (2)

In the story of the Yaman war, the Yaman got sad about the firm behavior of the leader of the faithful (peace be upon him) and then they referred to the prophet
The mission of the prophet (2)
The mission of the prophet (2)

 

Translator: Zahra. Kalaa
Source: www.rasekhoon.net


 
 


In the story of the Yaman war, the Yaman got sad about the firm behavior of the leader of the faithful (peace be upon him) and then they referred to the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) to complain about it and he bade
عليا مني و أنا منه و هو ولي كل مومن.
.'' Ali is from me and I am from Ali and he is the guardian of all of the Muslims''
Hakem Neishaburi has mentioned this Hadith and said
هذا صحيح علي شرط الشيخين
The validity of this narration has been confirmed in Sahih Bokhari and Sahih Mosalam.
There were other different assemblies until the great and unique Ghadir assembly happened.
Mr. Hajar Heisami (died in 947 A.H.) says
'' It was estimated that there were at least ninety thousand persons and at the maximum one hundred and twenty four thousand persons in Ghadir ''.
The verse 57 of Maede Surah was descended
يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَ اللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ
'' O' the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) ! Introduce Ali as a caliph to the people and if you do not do that, you have not done your prophetic mission completely''.
After the verse was descended, the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) took Hazrat Ali's hand in the unique assembly and bade
من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه.
The Sunni dignitaries, such as Fakhr Razi in the book '' Tafsir al-Razi'' (volume 12/page 42), Mr Siuti in the book ''al-Dor al-Mansur'' (volume 2/ page 298) and Mr. Alusi in the book ''Ruh al-Maani'' (volume 6/page 139) said
'' After this sacred verse was descended, the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) took the hand of Imam Ali and bade to the people
من كنت مولاه و فهذا علي مولاه.
After the caliph was introduced, Hazrat Gabriel was descended and descended verse 3 of the Maede Surah
الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَ رَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا
''O' the messenger of God! Your religion has been completed today and the guardian of the religion that is going to be kept until doomsday has been determined. The person that is going to keep the religion until the doomsday and to solve social problems related to the religion has been introduced, the religion has completed and the desired Islam of God has been introduced today.
Among Sunni dignitaries, Khatib Baghdadi narrates this story in the book '' Tarikh Baghdad'' (volume 8/page 284) with very valid document and reliable narrators which this religion was completed, after the leader of the faithful (peace be upon him) was assigned as a caliph by Hazrat Gabriel.
There is a lot in relation to this verse. However, I just wanted to take a look at this story with power of God and the favor of Imam Zaman. One of the greatest problem of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was about assigning a successor after him during twenty three years.
: The third point
The next point is about three painful events at the end of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) decease which caused that the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said goodbye to the nation in the bitterest and the most painful way about of noon call- to prayer in such a day and he passed away with heart full of grief.
The first event:
In the first event, the supporters assassinated the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). After they came back from the Tabuk war, twelve persons of the companions decided to assassinate the prophet (peace of Allah be upon and his descendants). They wanted to make the camel that prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) had ridden run wild so that they could throw him into the valley and by this means, they could achieve to their malicious aim.
We do not care about who these twelve supporters were? I do not want to say what deceased Majlesi (may God's mercy be upon him), Seikh Tusi (may God's mercy be upon him), Seyed Morteza (may God's mercy be upon him) and …thought about this case. I would like to introduce you a valid juridical Sunni book with the name ''al-Mahali'' whose writer is Mr. Ebn Hazam Andelesi that is one of Sunni and scientific dignitaries and founders. Mr. Ebn Hazam has mentioned the names of the companions in the book '' al-Mahali'', and the book '' al-Ghesas'' (the chapter '' Ghesas al-Mortated''/volume 11/ page 224/ published in Egypt) and (volume 12/page 160/ published in Beirut ).
Of course, the teacher society of Qom theological school has published my brief pamphlet that is about forty questions in relation to Imamate and caliphate and I have said this matter in detail in it. After Mr. Ben Hazam narrated this story, he mentioned the persons that assassinated the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). Then, he said that twelve persons of Sunni dignitaries such as the writer of the book '' al-Tabaghat al-Kobra'', Mr. Ebn Hajar Asghalani, the writer of the book '' Tahzib al-Tahzib'', Mr. Zehbi, and the writer of the book '' Seir Alam al-Nebla'' have Tusigh Mr Omar Ben Janid .
One of the most painful event that happened before the decease of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and shocked the Islamic society and hurt the heart of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and worried the immaculate and innocent prophet's family (peace be upon them) was the assassination of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants).
The second event:
This painful event is the story of Jish Asame. The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was the targets and the conspiracies of the scandalous government in Haras. The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) arranged an army that was led by Mr.Asame Ben Zid whose age was eighteen years old before his decease and bade '' move with bliss of God''. However, Mr. Ebn Hajar Asghalani that is one of scientific founders of the Sunnite says in the book '' Fath al-Bari Sharh Sahih al-Bokhari '' (volume 8/page 128). The family of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was informed secretly which the condition of prophet's health (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was grave and he was about to die.
''Excellency Omar Abu Bakr was a person that entered Jish Asame''
In spite of that, the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade
لعن الله من تخلف عن جيش اسامة
'' God curses the persons that transgress Jish Asame''.
In addition, Mr. Seyed Jarjaei says such a matter in the book ''al-Mavaheh'' (page 619)
They delayed in informing the family of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) about his grave health condition until they went there on Safar 28th that coincided on Monday. We refuse to mention who informed them. They said that the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was in the last moments of his life. They waited until the time of noon call- to prayer approached. They sent a message to the Asame army from the house of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) that prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) passed away. The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) ordered Jish Asame to fight with the Rome government, but they disagreed with the order of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and then they came back Medina.
This was the second painful event.
The second event:
The third event that is the most painful is the story of ink and pen.
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade four days before his decease
هلم اكتب لكم كتابا لن تضلوا بعدي.
Or:
ائتوني بقلم و دوات اكتب لكم كتابا لن تضلوا بعدي.

'' Give me a note book or a sheet of paper and pen to write something in order to save you from going astray forever''.
All of the Sunni scientists have narrated this narration. They have narrated the narrated and historical books of the ink and pen Hadith. Even Bokhai has mentioned this Hadith in thirteen parts of the book '' Sahih Bokhari'' and Mr. Mosalam has mentioned this Hadith in eighteen parts in the book '' Sahih Mosalam'' as well.
Even Tabarani, one of the Sunni dignitaries, was obliged to narrate the valid narrations in volume 3/ page 30
'' The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade '' bring pen and paper to write something so that
لا يختلف بعدي حتي إثنان.
Even two persons cannot have disagreement after me''.
Unfortunately, although the supporters had seen the attempts of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) for saving them from fear and barbarism and his attempts in the wars for confronting with the invaders and they had seen that he applied all of his abilities in order to save this nation, they accompanied him with the worst words and said
ان رسول الله قد يهجر (يا) هجر.
''The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) is saying nonsense.
If one of our Sunni brothers whose father is dying wants something from us and we say '' your father is saying nonsense'', he will definitely be sad and will stand against us and he will say '' you acted impertinently toward my father''. But they do not care about the way that the companions acted impertinently toward the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). They have stupid interpretations and justifications.
Or the second caliph was intended
قال عمر: قد غلبه الوجع.
''The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) says such remarks because he suffers from a lot of pain''.
The remarks of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) were nonsense. The Quran says
وَ مَا يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَي * إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَي
Whatever the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) says is revelation.'
It may have been said in the Quran or the tradition. However, they said such a sentence.
However the Quran says
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا لَا تَرْفَعُوا أَصْوَاتَكُمْ فَوْقَ صَوْتِ النَّبِيِّ
No one is allowed to raise his or her voice in the presence of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants).
فتازع الناس، فكثر اللغو.
They struggled, fought and said nonsense remarks in the presence of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). Some said '' bring paper'' and some said '' do not bring it''. In this way, they made the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) sad.
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) is deserved to say
إِنَّكَ لَعَلي خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ
Or it has been said in the rank of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ لِنْتَ لَهُمْ وَ لَوْ كُنْتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانْفَضُّوا مِنْ
.'' If you had been bad-tempered, they would have definitely scattered''
The prophet became sad as much as he bade
قوموا عني.
.'' Get out of my house''
How painful it is! The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) became too angry to enforce them to leave his house.


/J

 

 

نسخه چاپی