Historical Village of Gharneh

Gharneh, a historical village, is located 45 km southeast of the city of Isfahan in the Wildlife Shelter and National Park of Kolah Ghazi.
Tuesday, July 19, 2016
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author: علی اکبر مظاهری
موارد بیشتر برای شما
Historical Village of Gharneh
  Historical Village of Gharneh


Translated by, Samira Hasanzadeh
Source, www.rasekhoon.net


Gharneh, a historical village, is located 45 km southeast of the city of Isfahan in the Wildlife Shelter and National Park of Kolah Ghazi.
It lies in the district of Jarghuyeh in the city of Isfahan and is estimated to be about 5300 to 7000 years old.
It's current population does n't exceed 100 as a result of frequent droughts.
Near the village and towards the Gharneh Mountain lies an old cemetery and in fact not long ago it was among flourishing villages.
The buildings and mansions are mud-straw and despite risky years they are still existing.
  Historical Village of Gharneh
The majority of the villagers are currently farmers, ranch men or they work in the official-industrial units around the village.
Near the village Gharneh Mountain rises ,350 m high, at an altitude of 1,970 m above sea level. Over the small peak nearby, Anahita Temple is seen.
Anahita is an angel guarding water and a symbol of abundance, beauty, and fertility and therefore it is highly respected and precious among the Iranian. Archaeological research shows that iron bars are found in the foundation.
The materials used are rubble stones, plaster, and iron fasteners. Currently only it's floorage is remaining.
Not long ago the village contained enough water which resulted in expansion of farming among the locals.
Satellite photos indicate the vast cultivation in the region in the past.
Water resources used in the past were all made by human and included:
1. Water reservoir
2. Subterranean canals
3. Wells inside houses
In the old days its huge water reservoir which was more like an artificial lake was supplied through floods and subterranean canals and contained water during the year.
According to the locals, it's water froze in wintertime and the ice was so thick that herds of sheep could pass on it.
The village suffered from drought as of the 1340s as a result of improper use of underground waters with digging deep wells which wasted high amount of water.
Drought was the main reason why the locals migrated to the rural districts around and to Isfahan.
Although there is still water shortage, the villagers are busy farming, retaining the historical face of the village.
After water pipe lines had passed from Kuhrang to Yazd near Gharneh Mountain, the village was provided with drinking water.
Gharneh, where Khans used to live, has several masters mansions.
Around the texture of the village stretches a tall wall and a couple of mud-straw towers. In some places heavy rubble stones structures are visible.
The village contains a couple of houses for masters, Arbabs, which showcase beautiful decorations of wall paintings, Mogharnas (a form of architectural ornamented vaulting), 7-color tiling, plaster work, mirror work, and brick exteriors.
They also have four courtyards and Hashtis and each yard enjoys wells, pond and water fountain in addition to their green space.




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