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Religious narrations

Hakem Neishaburi is one of persons that has narrated this narration with several documents with giving up the religious biases and has corrected it
Religious narrations
Religious narrations
 
Translator: Zahra. Kalaa
Source: Rasekhoon.net


 

Hakem Neishaburi
Hakem Neishaburi is one of persons that has narrated this narration with several documents with giving up the religious biases and has corrected it
(4574)- [3: 124] حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ، ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحِيمِ الْهَرَوِيُّ بِالرَّمْلَةِ، ثنا أَبُو الصَّلْتِ عَبْدُ السَّلامِ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، ثنا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " أَنَا مَدِينَةُ الْعِلْمِ وَعَلِيٌّ بَابُهَا، فَمَنْ أَرَادَ الْمَدِينَةَ فَلْيَأْتِ الْبَابَ ".
It has been narrated from Ibn Abbas that the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) '' I am the city of the science and Ali is its door. Therefore, whoever wants to enter the city should enter through the door.
Then he has written in order to confirm the Hadith

هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الإِسْنَادِ، وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ، وَأَبُو الصَّلْتِ ثِقَةٌ مَأْمُونٌ.
فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ يَعْقُوبَ فِي التَّارِيخِ، يَقُولُ: سَمِعْتُ الْعَبَّاسَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ الدُّورِيَّ، يَقُولُ: سَأَلْتُ يَحْيَى بْنَ مَعِينٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الصَّلْتِ الْهَرَوِيِّ، فَقَالَ: ثِقَةٌ.
فَقُلْتُ: أَلَيْسَ قَدْ حَدَّثَ عَنْ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ " أَنَا مَدِينَةُ الْعِلْمِ "؟ فَقَالَ: قَدْ حَدَّثَ بِهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الْفَيْدِيُّ وَهُوَ ثِقَةٌ مَأْمُونٌ.
سَمِعْتُ أَبَا نَصْرٍ أَحْمَدَ بْنَ سَهْلٍ الْفَقِيهَ الْقَبَّانِيَّ إِمَامَ عَصْرِهِ بِبُخَارَى، يَقُولُ: سَمِعْتُ صَالِحَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَبِيبٍ الْحَافِظَ، يَقُولُ: وَسُئِلَ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّلْتِ الْهَرَوِيِّ، فَقَالَ: دَخَلَ يَحْيَى بْنُ مَعِينٍ وَنَحْنُ مَعَهُ عَلَى أَبِي الصَّلْتِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ، فَلَمَّا خَرَجَ تَبِعْتُهُ، فَقُلْتُ لَهُ: مَا تَقُولُ رَحِمَكَ اللَّهُ فِي أَبِي الصَّلْتِ؟ فَقَالَ: هُوَ صَدُوقٌ.
فَقُلْتُ لَهُ: إِنَّهُ يَرْوِي حَدِيثَ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ " أَنَا مَدِينَةُ الْعِلْمِ، وَعَلِيٌّ بَابُهَا، فَمَنْ أَرَادَ الْعِلْمَ فَلْيَأْتِهَا مِنْ بَابِهَا "، فَقَالَ: قَدْ رَوَى هَذَا ذَاكَ الْفَيْدِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، كَمَا رَوَاهُ أَبُو الصَّلْتِ
(4575)- [3: 124] حَدَّثَنَا بِصِحَّةِ مَا ذَكَرَهُ الإِمَامُ أَبُو زَكَرِيَّا يَحْيَى بْنُ مَعِينٍ، ثنا أَبُو الْحُسَيْنِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ تَمِيمٍ الْقَنْطَرِيُّ، ثنا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ فَهْمٍ، ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ الضُّرَيْسِ، ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الْفَيْدِيُّ، ثنا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " أَنَا مَدِينَةُ الْعِلْمِ وَعَلِيٌّ بَابُهَا، فَمَنْ أَرَادَ الْمَدِينَةَ، فَلْيَأْتِ الْبَابَ "، قَالَ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ فَهْمٍ، حَدَّثَنَاهُ أَبُو الصَّلْتِ الْهَرَوِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ.
قَالَ الْحَاكِمُ: لِيَعْلَمَ الْمُسْتَفِيدُ لِهَذَا الْعِلْمِ أَنَّ الْحُسَيْنَ بْنَ فَهْمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ ثِقَةٌ مَأْمُونٌ حَافَظٌ.
وَلِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ شَاهِدٌ مِنْ حَدِيثِ سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ بِإِسْنَادٍ صَحِيحٍ.
(4576)- [3: 124] حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بَكْرٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْفَقِيهُ الإِمَامُ الشَّاشِيُّ الْقَفَّالُ بِبُخَارَى، وَأَنَا سَأَلْتُهُ، حَدَّثَنِي النُّعْمَانُ بْنُ الْهَارُونِ الْبَلَدِيُّ بِبَلَدٍ مِنْ أَصْلِ كِتَابِهِ، ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْحَرَّانِيُّ، ثنا عَبْدُ ال9رَّزَّاقِ، ثنا سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ خُثَيْمٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ التَّيْمِيِّ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: " أَنَا مَدِينَةُ الْعِلْمِ، وَعَلِيٌّ بَابُهَا، فَمَنْ أَرَادَ الْعِلْمَ فَلْيَأْتِ الْبَابَ ".
The document of this narration is valid, but Bokhari and Mosalam have not narrated it and Abu Selat is reliable because I heard fromMuhammad Ben Yaghub and he heard from Abbas Muhammad Duri that said '' I asked Yahya Ben Moein about Abu Salt Harevi and then he said '' he is reliable''. I said '' didn't he narrate from Abu Moavie through Amash the narration '' Ana Medina Al-Elm?'' then he said '' Muhammad Ben Jafar Al-Fidi that is reliable and trustee has narrated it''.
I heard that Abu Nasr Ahmad Ben Sahl, the jurisprudent of Ghabani and leader in his time, said in the book '' Bokhari'' Abu Salt Harevi was asked and then he said Yahya Ben Moein came to Abu Selt while I was with him. Then he said hello to him. After he left Abu Selt, I followed him and asked '' what is your opinion about Abu Selt?'' Yahya Ben Moein said '' he is very honest''. I said to him '' he is the same person that narrated the narration of Amash from Mojahed and he narrated it from Ibn Abbas that the messenger of God bade '' I am the city of science and Ali is its gate''. Therefore, every one that wants enter the city should enter through the gate. Then he said '' Al-Fidi narrated this narration from Abu Moavie and he narrated from Amash as Abu Salt has narrated.
He narrated me the validity of matters that Yahya Ben Moein mentioned. Abu Al-Hasan Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ghantari narrated from Hussein Ben Fahm and he narrated from Muhammad Ben Yahya Ben Al-Zaris and he narrated Muhammad Ben Jafar Al-Fid and he narrated from Abu Moavie… that the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade '' I am the city of science and Ali is its gate. Hence, everyone that wants to enter the city should pass its gate''. Hussein Ben Fahm said '' I narrated this narration for Abu Salt Haravi from Abu Moavie''.
Hakem said '' persons that are researchers of science should know that Hussein Ben Fahm is a reliable person and a Hafez''.
Another witness has been narrated for this Hadith from the Haith of Sofyan Suri with valid document.
Abd Al-Rahman Ben UsmanAl- Timi said '' I heard that Jaber Abdullah said '' I heard that the messenger of God said '' I am the city of science and Ali is its gate. Hence, every one that wants to acquire science should enter through its gate.
Al-Hakem Al-Neishaburi, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (died in 405 Hegira) Al-MostadrakAla Al-Sahihein v 3 p 137-138; researched by: MostafaAbd Al-Ghader Ata; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; First Edition; 1411 Hegira; 1990
To prove this narration, this correction of Hakem Neshaburi is enough for persons that are looking for reality because he a famous and one of best scientist of Hadith science. To demonstrate his rank and position among Sunni scientists, we will narrate the point of view of Sunni scientist about his praise briefly.
Shams Al-Din Zahabi, Imam of Al-Jarh and Al-Tadil of Sunni scientists, praises Hakem Neishaburi in this way

الحاكم الحافظ الكبير امام المحدثين... ناظر الدارقطني فرضيه وهو ثقة واسع العلم بلغت تصانيفه قريبا من خمس مائة جزء.
Hakem is a great Hafez and the leader of Mohadesan. Dar Ghatani had a debate with him and he was interested in him. He is a reliable person and he has a lot of knowledge and his writings are about five hundred volumes.
Al-Zahabi, Shams Al-Din Muhammad Ibn Osman, Tazkarat Al-Hofaz v 3 p 1039-1040; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; First Edition

Souti has written
الحاكم الحافظ الكبير إمام المحدثين أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله محمد بن حمدويه بن نعيم الضبي الطهماني النيسابوري... وكان إمام عصره في الحديث العارف به حق معرفته صالحا ثقة.
He was Hakem , great Hafez and the leader of Mohadesan… he was the leader of Hadith science in his time. He knew the science of Hadith as he was expected to know and he honest and reliable.
Al-Souti, Jalal Al-Din Abd Al-RahmanIbnAbiBakr (died in 911 Hegira) Tabaghat Al-Hofaz v 1 p 410-411; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; First Edition; 1403 Hegira

Abu Ishagh Shirazi introduces Hakem in this way
هو أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله بن محمد النيسابوري المعروف بالحاكم صاحب المستدرك وتاريخ نيسابور وفضائل الشافعي وكان فقيها حافظا ثقة عليا لكنه يفضل علي بن أبي طالب على عثمان رضي الله عنهما انتهت إليه رياسة أهل الحديث طلب العلم في صغره ورحل إلى الحجاز والعراق مرتين وروي عن خلائق عظيمة قال الأسنوي ويزيد على الفيء شيخ وتفقه علي أبي الوليد النيسابوري وأبي علي بن أبي هريرة وأبي سهل الصعلوكي وانتفع به أئمة كثيرون منهم البيهقي قال عبد الغافر كان الحاكم إمام أهل الحديث في عصره وبيته بيت الصلاح والورع واختص بصحبته إمام وقته أبي بكر الصيغي وكان يراجع الحاكم في الجرح والتعديل.
Muhammad Ben Abdullah …Neishaburi known as Hakem, the writer of the book '' Al-Mostadrek'' , the history of Neishabur and the virtues of Shafei was a jurisprudent , a Hafez and a reliable person with high rank. Ali Ben Abi Taleb considered him better than Usman. He will be appointed as the head of Mohadesan. He started studying from childhood and traveled Hejaz and Iraq twice. He narrated narrations from a lot of people and some dignitaries, such as Beihaghi, acquired knowledge from him. Abd Al-Ghafer has said '' he was the leader of Mohadesan in his time and his family members were honest and pious. Abi Bakr Sabighi that was a leader in his time was always with Hakem and he referred him in adjusting narrators.
Al-Shirazi, EbrahimIbn Ali Yousef Abu Eshagh (died in 476 Hegira) Tabaghat Al-Foghaha v 1 p 222; researched by: Khalil Al-Meis; published by: Dar Al-Ghalam; Beirut
Ibn Khalkan has written
الحاكم النيسابوري الحافظ المعروف بابن البيع إمام أهل الحديث في عصره والمؤلف فيه الكتب التي لم يسبق إلى مثلها كان عالما عارفا واسع العلم.
Hakem Neishaburi was Hafez (he has memorized over a hundred thousand Hadiths) and he was known as Ibn Al-bie and was the leader of Hadith in his time. He wrote some books about the science of Hadith which no one had written before him. And he was a scientists and he was well educated and had a lot of knowledge.
Ibn Khalakan, Abu Al-Abbas Shams Al-Din Ahmad Ibn Muhammad IbnAbiBakr (died in 681 Hegira) Vafiat Al-Ayan and AnbaAbna Al-Zaman v 4 p 280; researched by: Ehsan Abbas; published by: Dar Al-Seghafe; Lebanon
Abi Al-Feda has written in the book '' History''
وفيها توفي الحافظ محمد بن عبد الله بن محمد بن حمدويه بن نعيم الضبي الطهماني، المعروف بالحاكم النيسابوري إِمام أهل الحديث في عصره، والمؤلف فيه الكتب التي لم يسبق إِلى مثلها، سافر في طلب الحديث، وبلغت عدة شيوخه نحو ألفين، وصنف عدة مصنفات....
Hafez Muhammad Ben Abdullah known as Hakem Neishaburi passed away in 455 A.H. he was the leader of Hadith in his era and he wrote some books about the science of Hadith which no one had written before him. He travelled in order to learn Hadith. His masters were about two hundred thousand persons and he wrote a lot of books.
Abu Al-FedaEmadEsmaeelIbn Ali (died in 732 Hegira) al-Mokhtasar Fi Akhbar Al-Bashr v 1 p 247; according to the software of Jamat Al-Kabir
You should know that the title '' Hakem'' was the highest rank that a Mohades can achieve to it.
Mola Ali Harevi has written about the ranks of the scientists of the science of Hadith
«الإمام» أي المقتدى به، وهو إمام أئمة الأنام كالسيوطي، وابن الهمام، والسخاوي، والقسطلاني، وملا قاسم الحنفي، وغيرهم من العلماء الأعلام.
«العالم» أي العالم الكامل، والمشهور في هذا العلم، فإن له تصانيف كثيرة، وتآليف شهيرة، وأجلها «فتح الباري في شرح البخاري» الذي هو في هذا الفن غاية، بل في سائر العلوم الشرعية نهاية.
«الحافظ»: هو من أحاط علمه بمئة ألف حديث.
ثم بعده الحجة: وهو من أحاط علمه بثلاث مئة ألف حديث،
ثم الحاكم: وهو الذي أحاط علمه بجميع الأحاديث المروية متناً وإسناداً، وجرحاً وتعديلاً وتاريخاً، كذا قاله جماعة من المحققين.
Imam is a person that people follow him and he is the leader of people some persons such as Siuti, Ibn Hamam, Sakhavi, Ghostalani, Mola Ghasem Hanafi, and other scientists of Alam.
Hafez is a person that knows a hundred thousand Hadiths and after Hafez, Hojat knows three hundred thousand Hadiths. After Hojat, Hakem knows all of narrated Hadiths (whether content or document) and the history of all narrations as a group of researchers have said this matter.
Mola Ali Al-Ghari, Nur Al-Din Abu Al-Hassan Ali IbnSoltan Muhammad Al-Heravi (died in 1014 Hegira) SharhNokhbe Al-Fekr Fi MostalahatAhl Al-Asar v 1 p 121; Ghadam Al-Sheikh Abd Al-Fath Abu Ghodat; Muhammad NazarTamim and HeisamNazarTamim; published by: Dar Al-Argham; Lebanon; Beirut
Hence, Abu Abdullah Neishaburi that has been honored with the title '' Hakem'' is the master of all of Sunni narrations (whether document or text) and he is master of all Sunni narrations.
According to what was said, is it possible that a fair person does not trust on the remark of Hakem Neishaburi?
It is clear that if a person has a good nature, he trusts on the remark of Hakem Neishaburi with such great personality. However, it is clear that a person that tries to deny the virtues of Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) refuses to accept reality by any excuses.

/J

 
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Sunday, July 23, 2017
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author: علی اکبر مظاهری