Relationship between the Islam and the religion is one of discussions that is necessary to be focused on in some aspects. Of course, the purpose of the Islam in our discussion is the last religion of Ibrahim whose messenger is Hazrat Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and permanent miracle is the book of divine message, Quran. The purpose of the religion is the divine rules that determine the true path and the obligations of human as well as the norm of recognition of decent actions from indecent ones. Religion has been mentioned as the path and the ways of divine prophets in the Quran
شَرَعَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الدِّینِ ما وَصَّى بِهِ نُوحاً وَ الَّذی أَوْحَیْنا إِلَیْكَ وَ ما وَصَّیْنا بِهِ إِبْراهیمَ وَ مُوسى وَ عیسى أَنْ أَقیمُوا الدِّینَ وَ لاتَتَفَرَّقُوا فیه (1)
''The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah - the which We have sent by inspiration to thee - and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: Namely, that ye should remain steadfast in religion, and make no divisions therein''.
Religion and divine rules lead to benefits. Consequently, the purpose of the religion is to show the right path to obliged persons and they follow the orders of God in order that they can achieve to happiness and get away from misery and the torture of God. This is an important purpose and each Muslim should believe it.
There is no question that belief in the divine rules and acting them are only ways of bliss and happiness. For example, Quran emphasizes on this point that if a person fulfills prayer as one of obligations, it will prevent them from doing wrong actions.
إِنَّ الصَّلاةَ تَنْهى عَنِ الْفَحْشاءِ وَ الْمُنْكَر.(2)
Or if a person fasts, he or she will achieve to divine piety and if he or she avoids going astray, he or she will achieve to happiness and bliss.
یا أَیُّهَا الَّذینَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَ الْمَیْسِرُ وَ الْأَنْصابُ وَ الْأَزْلامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّیْطانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ (3)
Soul refinement, purification, contentment and the satisfaction of God can be gained through acting religion and the divine rules.
Unfortunately, at the present time, some persons do not pay attention to the rules and the orders of God due to lack of concentration on them and others do not follow the religion of God and do not act according to their faith in God with their non-religious and superstitious claims whereas Quran emphasizes on acting obligations apart from having strong faith in them. In addition, Quran focuses on this point that an ideal life can be possible through acting on the basis of faith in God;
مَنْ عَمِلَ صالِحاً مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثى وَ هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْیِیَنَّهُ حَیاةً طَیِّبَةً وَ لَنَجْزِیَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ ما كانُوا یَعْمَلُونَ(4)
Al-A''Whoever works righteousness, man or woman, and has Faith, verily, to him will We give a new Life, a life that is good and pure and We will bestow on such their reward according to the best of their actions''.
Hence, both of faith in God and good actions can lead human to bliss and happiness, make human get rid of troubles and make a person beloved among people.
إِنَّ الَّذینَ آمَنُوا وَ عَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ سَیَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمنُ وُدًّا (5)
''On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, will (Allah) Most Gracious bestow love''.
Hence, the devout persons are addressed and are responsible to fulfill their obligations.
Of course, the presupposition of fulfilling a divine obligation is its recognition. Although the word '' Taklif'' is derived from the word '' Kolfat'' and it means trouble and difficulty and in fact, an obliged person is in difficulty and hardship in fulfilling obligations and avoiding doing sins at first, he or she will achieve to revelation and happiness in the end.
Therefore, trouble and limitation for human will result in the prevention of the torture of God and deviations for him or her and in the next time, fulfilling obligations will be as enjoyable as the devout will always try to obey the orders of God and according to the interpretation of some dignitaries, fulfilling obligations will be no difficulty and trouble for the devout, but they will be greatness for them and they will feel exalted God at the moments of their life and enjoy such understanding. The result of worshiping God will be the observation of the beauty and the greatness of God and in such time, persons will feel relaxed and the life will be enjoyable for them. In fact, this is an ideal life that human has been created for and they should try to achieve to it;
یا أَیُّهَا الَّذینَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجیبُوا لِلَّهِ وَ لِلرَّسُولِ إِذا دَعاكُمْ لِما یُحْییكُمْ (6)
''O ye who believe! give your response to Allah and His Messenger, when He calleth you to that which will give you life''.
Accepting God and his prophet, persons will get rid of the sensational life and will achieve to the intellectual life; therefore, they can understand a real life;
وَ إِنَّ الدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ لَهِیَ الْحَیَوانُ لَوْ كانُوا یَعْلَمُونَ (7)
''But verily the Home in the Hereafter,- that is life indeed, if they but knew''.
They have been ignorant of the real life and living in the path of God;
یَعْلَمُونَ ظاهِراً مِنَ الْحَیاةِ الدُّنْیا وَ هُمْ عَنِ الْآخِرَةِ هُمْ غافِلُونَ (8)
''They know but the outer (things) in the life of this world: but of the End of things they are heedless''.
In few sessions later, we will discuss that the Islam is a tradition religion and acting it along with faith in God can lead us to a paragon. Moreover, a real belief is a kind of soul and inner understanding, right actions; hence, it should be clarified that the religion that is a kind of obligation from exalted God is the way of living.
It can be understood from the verses and the Islamic narrations that Islam is a permanent and worldly religion. Hence, it has been stated in Quran about the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)
« و ما ارسلناک الّا رحمة للعالمین »
He is the prophet of mercy and he has been sent to be merciful for all of human. It has been also stated in other pages of the Quran
« و ما ارسلناک الّا کافةً للناس »
His mission is universal''. Since the mission of the prophet is universal, his book should be universal and immortal. Hence, Quran is an immortal and permanent book that shows the path of the life and happiness and guides and leads human;
« إِنَّ هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ یِهْدِی لِلَّتِی هِیَ أَقْوَمُ وَیُبَشِّرُ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ الَّذِینَ یَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا كَبِیرًا »( Israa/ verse 9)
On the other hand, a person should be alert enough, should recognize threats, and know how he should pass through the path. Moreover, he should pay attention to annunciations and warnings. Hence, God appointed the prophet as a preacher, had him recognize the right path of the life and give enough motivation to the followers of this path. Hence, God has stated about this feature of his prophet
« و ما ارسلناک الّا مبشراً نذیراً »
There is a question that if Islam is a universal religion and Quran is considered as a miracle and a permanent book, has he had any effect in showing path or not? Are there any should's and shouldnot's in the Islam or not? Are persons obliged to fulfill some obligations and quit fulfilling some obligations? If there are such rules and orders, are these rules in line with freedom? How is it possible for a person to have freedom as he or she is ordered to do some things and quit doing some things? Another question is what the conditions of these obligations are. Should all of people, whether man or woman, young or old, girl or boy and children or adults, obey these orders and rules or there are some rules for these duties and obligations? Of course, there are other questions about the religion of the Islam that should be answered.
It seems that one of reasons that makes some persons have doubts about the religion of the Islam, insult it and judge about the rules of the Islam unfairly is that they have lack of improper recognition toward the religion of the Islam. However, if there is a special attention on the basis of the religion and the rules of the religions of Ibrahim, it can be understood that all of the rules and the orders have been determined on the basis of advantages and disadvantages because wise God never issues orders and rules that have consequences for human or God cannot benefit from them because God is needless and he does not need to fulfill these obligations, but if exalted God wants to meet some needs, such God will not be absolute because such God wants to solve his problems through this need whereas exalted God has all of the virtues. In fact, he has all of the virtues perfectly. For example, if science, power, liveliness and wisdom are considered as virtues, exalted God has all of them even though they are not granted to him by someone. Therefore, fulfilling these affairs and obligations can be in the favor of human and human can pass the path of happiness through fulfilling these obligations. I hope that these questions can be answered during these discussions gradually and persons that are logical achieve to a proper point of view in relation to the Islam and the religion.
Of course, I should remind that Muslim scientists that are familiar enough with the foundations of the religion and are expert and specialist in different topics have an important role because some persons try to weaken the faith of people with spreading doubts and distorts in relation to the realities of the religion and make them lose their beliefs in relation to the rules of the religion especially the religion of the Islam. Hence, if the persons in charge in the media want to help the devout, they should provide a chance for experts so that the followers of the religions can get familiar with their religions and provide the ground of happiness for themselves. At least, according to a lot of insults toward the Islam, this chance should be provided so that they can get familiar with the reality of the Islam perfectly.
It is necessary that this point should be reminded that nowadays most of scientists believe that spirituality should increase in the society and it is really clear that the reality of spirituality should be sought in the religions of Ibrahim and God even though they have been distorted and this relationship with the reality of the religion makes the relaxation of person and society, changes material point of view, leads human toward God and infinite reality and brings the affection and love of God for all of human.
It seems that this experience of human will influence the society and spiritual, psychological, cultural, political and economical problems will be solved gradually.
1.Ash-Shura (13)/ verse 42
2. Al-Ankaboot (29)/ verse 45
3. Al-Maaida(5)/ verse 90
4. Al-Nahl ( 16)/ verse 97
5. Maryam ( 19)/ verse 96
6. Al-Anfaal ( 8)/ verse 24
7. Al-Ankaboot ( 29)/ verse 64
8. Ar-Room( 30)/ verse 7