History of Palestine

In earlier times, the Palestine was called "Land of Canaan" since the beginning of history, the Canaanite Arabs lived in there, and Palestine name was on the occasion of one of the
Thursday, January 26, 2017
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author: علی اکبر مظاهری
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History of Palestine
History of Palestine

 

Translator: Davood Salehan
Source: rasekhoon.net



 

In earlier times, the Palestine was called "Land of Canaan" since the beginning of history, the Canaanite Arabs lived in there, and Palestine name was on the occasion of one of the twelve tribes of Crete who were living on the Mediterranean coast between "Jaffa" and "Gaza" in 12 century BC, and later became known as Palestinians.
Phoenicians who were Semitic and spoke in Semitic languages immigrated about three thousand years BC with Amory and the Canaanite immigrants to the East Mediterranean regions and were deployed around Syria and the Mediterranean coastal lands. In the third millennium, caravans and ships and armies which were sent to these limits by the rulers of Mesopotamia and Egypt, people of these areas called the regions as Amouri or Amou, and in no way there was no speaking of the Phoenician. The term became popular from the time of Homer, and since the Canaanites became familiar with writing named themselves by the name of the city where they were housing there, as the people of Sidon, Tyre, or in general as Canaanite people and did name them as Phoenician. Apparently their main center was near the Red Sea and Gulf of Suez and Gulf of Aqaba toward which emigrated from there to around Mediterranean. (Thus, the origin of Phoenicians and Canaanites is the same.)
The Canaanites were the ones who founded the city of Jerusalem or Yurshalym. "Ure" means the establishment and "Shalym" is the name of Vulcan of peace. Canaanites, who were the first group of the region according to historical accounts, and lived in this land at the end of the fourth millennium BC, established the city of "Yursalym", but as the king of Zadok, their king, was peace-loving, called it Yurshalym (city of peace) to respect Shalym, God of peace; also, before Hazrat Daud's attack, they called it "Yebusi» (JEBUS). (Jebus is the name of an ethnic who were residents of this city during the attack of the Prophet Dawood, and that is why the city was called by this name.) Canaanites were in a high level of civilization. They used bronze and iron in industrial tasks and had special skills in managing military circles.
According to reports, about 1730 BC, several Hebrew tribes came to the land of Canaan from Mecca. These tribes were not settled in the land of Canaan; but they went to Egypt and continued to live under the Pharaohs. These tribes came out of Egypt one thousand two hundred and ninety years before Christ and were wandering in the wilderness for a while.
As it is clear from the narratives of the Torah, in 1200 BC conquest of Canaan was carried out by Joshua. Joshua crossed the Jordan River and attacked Jericho (just 1800 years after Canaanites coming to the region.)
In Joshua's trip, Old Testament, Chapter VI is as follows:
"Israelites killed all the people of Jericho, from men and women, old and children and even animals by sword; they set whatever in the city on fire, they just did not waste gold and silver and copper utensils and iron implements and in the Treasury, they saved "paste".
After Jericho, they conquered some other cities of Palestine, but residents of Jerusalem (Jebusi) resisted and finally they did not quit the coasts of Palestine remained for Palestinians. "
Sparse wars were between the Israelis and the original inhabitants of Palestine for 200 years until in 1000 BCE that the prophet David created the first state of Israel.
Reign of kingdom of David and Solomon (935 - 1000 BC) was the golden age of ancient Israel. United State of Israel split in two parts in 922 BC into two parts, northern and southern (Israel and Judah) which both fell later.
The northern Israeli government collapsed during the Assyrians attack in 721 BC, and the rule of Judah completely disappeared in 587 BC by the Babylonians, and Jews were captured and then dispersed. George Friedman writes in this case: "the twelve tribes of Israel were exiled to Caucasus, Armenia and especially Babylon, and thus, the Jewish people were lost forever with the entirety of its existence, along with race, national and religious community."
However, Cyrus, king of Persia, defeated Babylon in 520 BC and freed the Jews and returned them to Palestine, but they were dominated by Macedonians and Romans, and they never reached the government. During the rule of the Macedonians and Romans, the Jewish people began several revolts, but despite all these rebellions (in particular the rebellion of the Sokabyha which was intense) Jewish state was not restored again.
Many Zionist historians acknowledge this dispersion and collapse.
As the Chief Rabbi of Great Britain writes in 1917: 16 "after Cyrus issued a decree, major Jewish people remained in Babylon."
The point is also approved by A.T.OLMESTEAD, American historian. He writes: "it was hard to expect the Jews, who were rich now, leave fertile land of Babylon due to barren hills of Judea..."
From that time until the twentieth century, Zionists succeeded to set a large number of Jews' immigration to Palestine under the tutelage of Great Britain; a few Jews lived in the country for at least 19 centuries, Palestine was empty of any Jews. Benjamin, a Jewish pilgrim who visits the Holy Land in the early 1170 - 1171, only sees 1440 Jews there, and Neman Jervandy says: "In 1267 AD, only two Jewish families lived in Jerusalem."
According to the historical facts, the Zionist claim, according which recognize themselves as Palestine's heirs and know the political history of this country equal with the rule of the kings of Israel in the years before AD, and consider Hebrews among the first inhabitants of Palestine, has no credit at all. Some Jewish scholars also confirmed this point. For example, Maxim Rodinson, a French Jewish scholar, says: "in every sense Palestinian people of being indigenous are the same ancient Palestinian and children of Canaanites and other early tribes of the Palestine." Interestingly, even the European sponsors of formation of the state of Israel in Palestine in the new centuries were aware of this point well and have raised it. For example, in 1920, when Great Britain Mandate over Palestine was discussed in the House of Lords of this country, Lord Sydenham declared: "I completely agree with the desire of Jews to find a national homeland; but I say that if this demand required a great injustice towards other peoples, the demand should be ignored. Palestine is not the main Jewish homeland. Jews had the land after a brutal killing, and they will never have all of it as they now openly question for it. The validity of this claim is like the example that descendants of the ancient Romans claim ownership of England since the Romans ruled over the British as long as the Jews occupied Palestine, and they have even left far beneficial effects and more valuable works in British more than what Israelis left in Palestine.
If we are supposed to rely on claim of conquer of several thousand years ago as a safeguard, the whole world must be upside down ... The only real claim to Palestine is by its current residents that some of them are the children of the people who lived there before the attack of the Jews, and the rest are children of Israelis who converted to Islam and became Muslim."
Arnold Toynbee, a prominent contemporary historian, emphasis on the fact that Palestine is an Arabic land, and the Jews in ancient times and in modern times, have aggressively entered it. He said: "Before Herzl began the Zionist movement at least seventeenth century and a half had passed from the history of living of the Palestinian people in there."
James Fraser, famous Scottish historian, also says: "Arab Palestinian Farmers are descended from tribes that lived in it before the attack of the Israelis in rule of David, and did not move from there and were not scattered. Despite waves of conquest, they remained in their homeland and continued to reside in it. "
Thus, according to historians and researchers' point (the anti-Zionist Jews and impartial researchers) the historical claim of Zionists for Palestine is not valid, and the occupation of Palestine and establishment of Israel cannot be justified based on this historical link.

 



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