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The mission of the prophet (1)

One of the slogans that the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade at the beginning of his prophetic mission
The mission of the prophet (1)
The mission of the prophet (1)

Translator: Zahra. Kalaa
Source: www.rasekhoon.net


 
 

The first point:
One of the slogans that the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade at the beginning of his prophetic mission
إنما بعثت لإتمم مكارم الأخلاق
I have been chosen as a prophet to promote the moral principles and to guide human to achieve to the highest rank of moral principles.
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was successful in this area. All of the historians have written that thirteen persons in Mecca and eleven persons in Medina could read and write in the time of being chosen as God's messenger. The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) promoted the society that was uncivilized and unfamiliar with culture as much as Excellency Dr Gustav Levun in the book '' the civilization of the Islam and the west'' says clearly
If the Islamic culture and the civilization had not been, our civilization (Europe) would have fallen behind in their progress for four hundred years .It is our dishonor to say that the Muslims made the European people get rid of the fear and barbarism
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) made the uncivilized society a civilized one in the interpretation of Mr.Vil Dervant, an American historian
' The great university of Baghdad had been well-known and promoted as much as if one of American and European students had been accepted in the entrance examination and she or he had entered there, she or he would have been proud of himself and herself among his or her friends and tribes. The modern hospitals were advanced as much as dignitaries, sultans and kings all over the world referred to the advanced hospitals of Baghdad in order to be cured.
This was an example of the action of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants).
When the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) entered Medina, Os and Khezrej, two great and well-known tribes of Medina, were fighting. Tabari in the book '' Tafsirash'' and Siuti in the book ''al-Dor al-Mansur'' have interpreted the following verse
... وَ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنْتُمْ أَعْدَاءً فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُمْ بِنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَانًا وَ كُنْتُمْ عَلَي شَفَا حُفْرَةٍ مِنَ ث فَأَنْقَذَكُمْ مِنْهَا ...
Os and Khezrej tribes were fighting for one hundred and twenty years. The bliss of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and the Islam stopped the war between them. The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) admonished this bliss to the people and when he was in Medina for ten years and few months, one of the most basic worry of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was to solve any kind disagreement among the tribes and the relatives and disagreements arisen from the ignorant characteristics.
When the prophet (peace of Allah be upon his descendants and him) entered Medina, he made peace among the people that had been fighting and killing each other for one hundred and twenty years which even they brought water for a martyr that was in the last moment of his life in one of fights such as Ohod and he said '' the injured person that is over there needs water more than me''. Then he brought water for the second person and he said the same remarks of the first person and the last person said ''the first person needs water more than me''. In the end,they found the first person, the second person and all of them martyred. The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) promoted the Arabic barbarian that only fought and exploited in the interpretation of Mr. Vil Davarant in his history book
When the prophet of the Islam talked about the blessings of the heaven, nymph, birds and castles of the heaven, an Arabic person stood up and said '' O' the messenger of the prophet! Is there fighting and killing in the heaven or not? The prophet of the Islam bade'' the heaven is not a place for war''. The Arabic person said '' hence, the heaven does not belong to us.
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) made great personalities from these tribes with such characteristics which the history is proud of that.
The second point:
Since the prophet Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was the last prophet, the prophecy was ended on the earth, his religion was the end of all of the religions and there would be no religion. This religion was complete and was able to solve all of the social and political problems of human until the doomsday. When the prophet (peace of Allah be upon his descendants and him) was in the centre of the Islamic government, his duty was to preach the religion of God, to keep it from any kind of deviations and distortion, to set up justice and to prevent from any kind tyranny. He definitely knew that a leader, such as the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants), should be able to preach the beliefs and the principles of the Islam until the doomsday so that he could solve all of problems and doubts of the society and could find solutions for problems that happened about political and social problems in the society. If it is supposed that this prophecy and religion devote to two or three persons and this religion be under control of others and people that are ignorant and stupid and do not know anything and resort to others in their problems, they will not be well-qualified to lead this religion and to preach thinking and belief foundations of this religion. Hence, the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) was planning about assigning a leader, Imam and successor after him at the beginning of his prophecy. If you refer to the history books (whether Shiite or Sunni)( Tarikh al-Tabari and al-Kamel Fi al-Tarikh by Ebn Asir, al-Mostadrek Ala al-Sahihin by Hakem Neishapuri and Majma al-Zavaed by Heisami and … ,you will understand that all of them have narrated which after this sacred verse was descended.
وَ أَنْذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ
After the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him his descendants and him) was supposed to reveal his prophecy, he introduced three basic matters at the beginning of his prophecy in an assembly of forty persons:
The first discussion:
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade
O' people! Thing that I have brought for you and no one brought for his nation more beautiful and valuable than it is monotheism.
. قولوا لا اله الا الله تفلحوا.
The second discussion:
I am the prophet that the prophets had annunciated me. I am a person that is the last person and my religion is the end of all religions until the doomsday.
The third discussion:
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) took the hand of Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him) that was in the age of thirteen years old and bade
هذا أخي و وصيي و خليفتي من بعدي.
Ali is my brother, executer and successor after me''. ''
The Sunni scientists have confessed the validity of these narrations and Mr. Hakem Neishaburi in the book '' al-Mostadrek Ala al-Sahihin'' (volume 3/page 130) says '' this narration is valid'' and Excellency Heisami in the book ''Majma al-Zavaed'' (volume 7/page 119) says '' the narration is valid''. Mr. Motaghi Hendi in the book '' Kanz al-Emal'' (volume 12/ page 128) says '' this narration is valid''. Ten of other dignitaries have confirmed the validity of this narration.
Afterwards, the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) presented the discussion of executer and successor of Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him) in different situations.
The story of mobahlh verse happened and they mobahlhed up with the Nejran supporters.
فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَ نِسَاءَنَا وَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَ أَنْفُسَنَا وَ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَعْنَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَي الْكَاذِبِينَ
The dearest and the most beloved person for the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) mobahlhed up and the people saw that the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) had brought no one for mobhlh except Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him), Hazrat Fateme Zahra (peace be upon her), Imam Hasan (peace be upon him) and Imam Hussein (peace be upon him).
Ebn Teimie Harani, the Vahabi theorist, said '' although Hazrat Fateme Zahra (peace be upon her) among the children of the prophet ( peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and Ayeshe and Hafse among the wives of the prophet ( peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) attended, he chose Hazrat Ali ( peace be upon him) among the men, Hazrat Fateme Zahra ( peace be upon her) among the wives and Hazrat Hussein ( peace be upon him) among the children.
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) wanted to introduce and to say'' these personalities that mobhlhed up for confirming my prophecy are the most qualified persons for keeping my prophecy.
Mr. Moslem Ben Hojaj Neishapuri in the book '' Sahih Mosalam'' (volume 7/page 120) that is the most valid Sunni book writes about the opinion of the Sunni scientists
There was no one in the mobahlh story except Ali, Fateme, Hasan and Hussein.
The Tathir verse was descended
إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ يُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) got together Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him), Hazrat Fateme Zahra (peace be upon her), Imam Hasan (peace be upon him) and Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) under his aba and declared to the people '' these are my family as God bade''. Mr. Mosalam also mentioned this story in the book '' Sahih Mosalam'' (volume 7/page 13). 32)
Even Om Salame came and said
أ أنا منهم؟
'' ؟Am I the member of the prophet's family''
Hazrat bade
تنهي، انت من ازواج النبي و هولاء اهل بيتي
.'' Get away! You are one of my wives and these are my family''
Zid Ben Argham was asked
''Can the wives of a person be considered as his family? He said'' no''. How can it be? A wife and a husband live together for years and when they cannot get along with each other, they get divorce and a wife comes back her father's house.
The sacred verse fifty five of the Maede Surah:
إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُون الصَّلَاةَ وَ يُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَ هُمْ رَاكِعُونَ.
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) refers that the intention of this verse is Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him).
One of great Sunni scientists and Sunni verbal personalities, Azd al-Din Ij, says clearly
و أجمع أئمة التفسير بأن المراد علي .
'' All of leaders and sages of interpretative science agree unanimously that the purpose of this verse is Ali not anybody else.
Mr. Alusi that has been interested in Vahabiat says clearly in the book '' Ruh al-Maani'' (volume 6/page 167)
و غالب الأخباريين علي أنها نزلت في علي كرم الله تعالي وجهه.
'Most of historians agree unanimously that the purpose of this verse is the leader of the faithful (peace be upon him).
The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) assigned the leader of the faithful (peace be upon him) as the caliph of the Muslims in Medina and bade
أنت مني بمنزلة هارون من موسي إلا أنه ليس نبي بعدي
O'Ali! Your value for me is the same as value of Hazart Harun (peace be upon him) for Hazrat Musa (peace be upon him); otherwise, there will be no prophet for me.

/J

 

 

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Friday, April 7, 2017
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author: علی اکبر مظاهری