Bani Hashem Tribe

The abuse of Abdullah Ben Zobeir to Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him) and Bani Hashem (with four texts)
Friday, May 26, 2017
Estimated time of study:
author: علی اکبر مظاهری
موارد بیشتر برای شما
Bani Hashem Tribe
Bani Hashem Tribe
 
Translator: Zahra. Kalaa
Source: rasekhoon.net


 

The abuse of Abdullah Ben Zobeir to Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him) and Bani Hashem (with four texts)
The first text:

خطبة محمد بن الحنفية يرد على عبد الله بن الزبير وقد تنقص الإمام
خطب ابن الزبير فنال من الإمام علي كرم الله وجهه فبلغ ذلك ابنه محمد ابن الحنفية رضي الله عنه فأقبل حتى وضع له كرسي قدامه فعلاه وقال يا معشر قريش شاهت الوجوه أينتقص علي وأنتم حضور
The sermon of Muhammad Ben Hanife answered Abdullah Ben Zobeir that abused Imam (Ali Ben Abi Taleb).
Ibn Zobeir sermonized and abused Imam Ali (peace be upon him). When Muhammad Ben Hanife informed of this news, he came and a chair was put in his front. Then he stood on it and said '' O' the people of Ghoreish! Your faces may get ugly. Do you not react when it is gossiped about Ali?
Sefvat, Ahmad Zaki, Jomhorat Khatb Al-Arab v 2 p 90; published by: Al-Maktabat Al-Elmie; Beirut
Al-Masoudi, Abu Al-Hassan Ali Ibn Al-Husain Ibn Ali (died in 346 Hegira) Marvej Al-Zahab v 1 p 382; according to the software of Jamat Al-Kabir
Al-Yaghoobi, Ahmad Ibn Yaghoob Ibn Jafar Ibn Wahb Ibn Vazeh (died in 292 Hegira) History of Yaghoobi; v 2 p 261; published by: Dar Sader; Beirut

The second text:

ولما توطد لابن الزبير أمره وملك الحرمين والعراقين ... فدعا عبد الله بن عباس ومحمد بن الحنفية وجماعة من بني هاشم إلى بيعته فأبوا عليه فجعل يشتمهم ويتناولهم على المنبر ...
When the job ofAbdullah Ben Zobeir was done, he became the owner of Mecca, Medina, Iran and Iraq. He summoned Abdullah Ben Abbas, Muhammad Ben Hanife and some people of Banihashem for allegiance. Therefore, he abused them and said bad words to them when he was giving sermon.
Al-Andolesi, Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abd Rabe (Died in 328 Hegira) Al-Aghd Al-Farid v 4 p 385; published by: Dar Al-Ehya Toras Al-Arabi; Beirut; Lebanon; third edition; 1420 Hegira; 1999
The third text:
وعن عروة يعني ابن الزبير أن علي بن أبي طالب لقي الزبير في السوق فتعاتبا في شيء من أمر عثمان ثم أغلظ له عبدالله بن الزبير فقال له علي ألا تسمع ما يقول لي فضربه الزبير حتى وقع رواه الطبراني وفيه عبدالله بن محمد بن يحيى بن عروة وهو متروك
It has been narrated from Arve Ben Zobeir that Ali Ben Abi Taleb (peace be upon him) saw saw Zobeir in the mall and they rebuked each other about Usman. Then Abdullah Ben Zobeir talked to Imam Ali impolitely.
Imam Ali ( peace be upon him) said to Zobeir '' can't you hear what your son is saying? Zobeir hit Abdullah as much as he fell on the earth.
Al-Heisami, Abu Al-Hassan Ali Ibn Abi Bakr (Died in 807 Hegira) Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba Al-Favaed v 7 p 223; published by: Dar Al-Rian Toras Al-Arabi; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

The fourth text:

وكان عبد الله بن الزبير يبغض علياً عليه السلام؛ وينتقصه وينال من عرضه
Abdullah Ben Zobeir was the enemy of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and gossiped Imam Ali and abused the dynasty of the prophet.

Ibn Abi al-Hadid Al-Madaeni Al-Motazeli, Abu Hamed Ez Al-Din Ibn Hebe Allah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad (died in 655 Hegira) Sharh Nahj Al-Balaghe; v 4 p 36; published by: Muhammad Abd Al-Karim Al-Namri; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; Lebanon; First Edition; 1418 Hegira; 1998

The sixteenth remark: Bani Hashem abuses him

ولما توطد لابن الزبير أمره وملك الحرمين والعراقين أظهر بعض بني هاشم الطعن عليه وذلك بعد موت الحسن والحسين
When the job of Ibn Zobeir was done, he became the owner of Mecca, Medina, Iraq and Arab. Some people of Bani Hashem abused about him. This happened after Imam Hasan( peace be upon him) and Imam Hussein ( peace be upon him) died.
Al-Andolesi, Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abd Rabe (Died in 328 Hegira) Al-Aghd Al-Farid v 4 p 385; published by: Dar Al-Ehya Toras Al-Arabi; Beirut; Lebanon; third edition; 1420 Hegira; 1999

The seventeenth remark: the curse of Abdullah Ben Zobeir by Muhammad Ben Hanife.

فكف ابن الزبير عن ابن الحنفية حتى إذا حج الناس، وكان يوم النفر أرسل إليه: تنح عن هذا المنزل وانفر مع الناس وإلا فإني مناجزك. فسأله معاذ بن هانئ وغيره من أصحابه أن يأذن في مقارعته، وقالوا: قد بدأك بالظلم واضطرك وإيانا إلى الامتناع، فقال له ابن مطيع: لا يغرنك قول هؤلاء فإنهم قتلة أبيك وأخيك، فقال له: نصبر لقضاء الله، اللهم ألبس ابن الزبير لباس الذل والخوف، وسلط عليه وعلى أشياعه وناصريه من يسومهم مثل الذي يسوم الناس، اللهم ألبسه بخطيئته، وأجعل دائرة السوء عليه، سيروا بنا على اسم الله إلى الطائف.
Abdullah Ben Zobeir left Muhammad Hanife and when Hajj arrived, he sent some to him on the ninth day and said '' leave the house, go to Arafat with the people; otherwise, I will torture you''.
Maaz Ben Hani and other companions of Muhammad Ben Hanife wanted to be allowed to struggle with Abdullah Ben Zobeir and said '' he has started to tyrannize and he has made you and us fight with him.
Ibn Motie said to Muhammad Hanife '' do not be deceived by them; they killed your father and brother.
Therefore, Muhammad Hanife said '' we wait for the province of God.
O' God! Put Abdullah Ben Zobeir into

Al-Balazeri, Ahmad Ibn Yahya Ibn Jaber (died in 279 Hegira) Ansab Al-Ashraf v1 p 446; according to the software of Jamat Al-Kabir

The eighteenth remark: Abdullah Ben Zobeir imprisoned Bani Hashem in Mecca and he wanted to burn them in the fire. (With several texts)

أخبرنا محمد بن عمر قال حدثنا ربيعة بن عثمان ومحمد بن عبد الله بن عبيد بن عمير وإسحاق بن يحيى بن طلحة وهشام بن عمارة عن سعيد بن محمد بن جبير بن مطعم والحسين بن الحسن بن عطية العوفي عن أبيه عن جده وغيرهم أيضا قد حدثني ... فلما جاء نعي يزيد بن معاوية وبايع بن الزبير لنفسه ودعا الناس إليه دعا بن عباس ومحمد بن الحنفية إلى البيعة له فأبيا يبايعان له وقالا حتى يجتمع لك البلاد ويتسق لك الناس فأقاما على ذلك ما أقاما فمرة يكاشرهما ومرة يلين لهما ومرة يباديهما ثم غلظ عليهما فوقع بينهم كلام وشر فلم يزل الأمر يغلظ حتى خافا منه خوفا شديدا ومعهما النساء والذرية فأساء جوارهم وحصرهم وآذاهم وقصد لمحمد بن الحنفية فأظهر شتمه وعيبه وأمره وبني هاشم أن يلزموا شعبهم بمكة وجعل عليهم الرقباء وقال لهم فيما يقول والله لتبايعن أو لأحرقنكم بالنار فخافوا على أنفسهم قال سليم أبو عامر فرأيت محمد بن الحنفية محبوسا في زمزم

When the news of the death of Yazid was announced and Abdullah Ben Zobeir considered himself the caliph and invited the people to swear allegiance with him and he also summoned Ibn Abbas and Muhammad Hanife to swear allegiance. But they did not accept to swear allegiance with him and said '' as long as you surround all of the Islamic lands and people come to swear allegiance with you from all over the world , they did not change their opinion. However, Abdullah Ben Zobeir sometimes laughed at them; he sometimes behaved them so harshly and sometimes, he visited them. Then, he had difficult rules for them. Therefore, there were bad remarks between them and this continued as much as they gained a lot of fear from him and their wives and children were with them.
Abdullah Ben Zobeir behaved them so harshly and he made them surrounded and then freed them. His remark focused on Muhammad Hanife and abused and back bit him and ordered him and Bani Hashem to stay in Shoab of Mecca. He appointed some guardians and the remarks that he said to them include
I swear God which you should swear allegiance or bun you in the fire. Therefore, they became afraid of their life.
Salim Abu Amer says '' I saw that Muhammad Ben Hanfie had been imprisoned
Al-Zahri, Muhammad Ibn Saad Ibn Manba Abu Abdullah Al-Basri (died in 230 Hegira) Al-Tabaghat Al-Kobra v 5 p 100; published by: Dar Sader; Beirut
Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Osman (Died in 748 Hegira) Siar Alam Al-Nobala v 4 p 117; researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt; Muhammad Naeem Al-Arghasusi; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; ninth edition; 1413 Hegira

ولما توطد لابن الزبير أمره وملك الحرمين والعراقين ... فدعا عبد الله بن عباس ومحمد بن الحنفية وجماعة من بني هاشم إلى بيعته فأبوا عليه ... ثم قال لتبايعن أو لأحرقنكم بالنار فأبوا عليه فحبس محمد بن الحنفية في خمسة عشر من بني هاشم في السجن وكان السجن الذي حبسهم فيه يقال له سجن عارم
When the job of Ibn Zobeir was done and became the owner of Mecca, Medina, Iraq and Arabia. He summoned Abdullah Ben Abbas, Muhammad Hanife, and some people of Bani Hashem to swear allegiance with him, but they did not accept. Therefore, he imprisoned Muhammad Hanfe with fifteen people from Bani Hashem and the name of the prison that they were imprisoned was Arem.
Al-Andolesi, Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abd Rabe (Died in 328 Hegira) Al-Aghd Al-Farid v 4 p 385; published by: Dar Al-Ehya Toras Al-Arabi; Beirut; Lebanon; third edition; 1420 Hegira; 1999

وأخذ ابن الزبير محمد بن الحنفية وعبد الله بن عباس وأربعة وعشرين رجلا من بني هاشم ليبايعوا له فامتنعوا فحبسهم في حجرة زمزم وحلف بالله الذي لا إله إلا هو ليبايعن أو ليحرقنهم بالنار فكتب محمد بن الحنفية إلى المختار بن أبي عبيد بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم من محمد بن علي ومن قبله من آل رسول الله إلى المختار بن أبي عبيد ومن قبله من المسلمين أما بعد فإن عبد الله بن الزبير أخذنا فحبسنا في حجرة زمزم وحلف بالله الذي لا إله إلا هو لنبايعنه أو ليضرمنها علينا بالنار فيا غوثا فوجه إليهم المختار بن أبي عبيد بأبي عبد الله الجدلي في أربعة آلاف راكب فقدم مكة فكسر الحجرة وقال لمحمد بن علي دعني وابن الزبير قال لا أستحل من قطع رحمه ما استحل مني
Abdullah Ben Zobeir caught Muhammad Hanife, Abdullah Ben Abbas and twenty four persons of the people of Bani Hashem so that they could swear allegiance with him, but they did not accept. Therefore, he imprisoned them in the Hojre Zamzam and swore '' I swear God which there is no God except him; they should swear allegiance or they will burn them with fire''. Therefore, Muhammad Hanife wrote a letter to Mokhtar and the Muslims along with him'' but Abdullah Ben Zobeir caught us and imprisoned us in the Hojre Zamzam. He also swore that we should swear with him or they burn us with fire. Help us. Therefore, Mokhtar sent Abu Abdullah Jebeli with four thousand people with their horses. They broke the wall of the room and said to Muhammad Hanife '' leave this Zobeir to me''.
Muhammad Hanife said '' I interrupt my kinship with him because he interrupted his kinship with me''.
Al-Yaghoobi, Ahmad Ibn Yaghoob Ibn Jafar Ibn Wahb Ibn Vazeh (died in 292 Hegira) History of Yaghoobi; v 2 p 261; published by: Dar Sader; Beirut

Abdullah Ben Zobeir exiled Bani Hashem, Muhammad Hanife and Ibn Abbas

ولما لم يكن بابن الزبير قوة على بني هاشم وعجز عما دبره فيهم أخرجهم عن مكة وأخرج محمد بن الحنفية إلى ناحية رضوى وأخرج عبد الله بن عباس إلى الطائف إخراجا قبيحا وكتب محمد بن الحنفية إلى عبد الله بن عباس أما بعد فقد بلغني أن عبد الله بن الزبير سيرك إلى الطائف فرفع الله بك أجرا واحتط عنك وزرا يا ابن عم إنما يبتلى الصالحون وتعد الكرامة للأخيار ولو لم تؤجر إلا فيما نحب وتحب قل الأجر فاصبر فإن الله قد وعد الصابرين خيرا والسلام
Because Abdullah Ben Zobeir was not able to deal with the Bani Hashem tribe and he was not able to inform of the plans that had been made against him, he made them leave Mecca. Muhammad Hanife was exiled to the region of Razavi and Abdullah Ben Abbas was exiled to Taef vulgarly.
Muhammad Hanife wrote a letter to Abdullah Ben Abbas '' I informed that Abdullah Ben Zobeir exiled you to Taef. God may reward you and remove difficulties from you, O' my cousin. In fact, the righteous people will be tested and greatness has been granted to the nice people. And if our qualification is only thing that you and I like, the reward of the doomsday will be reduced. As a matter of fact, God had promised goodness to the patient persons.
Al-Abi Abu Saad Mansur Ibn Al-Husain (died in 421 Hegira) Nasr Al-Dor Fi Al-Mohazerat v 1 p 282; researched by: Khaled Abd Al-Ghani Mahfuz; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; First Edition; 1424 Hegira; 2004
كتب محمد بن الحنفية إلى عبد الله بن عباس حين سيره ابن الزبير إلى الطائف يسليه عن فعله به: أما بعد، فإنه بلغني أن ابن الزبير سيرك إلى الطائف
When Abdullah Ben Zobeir exiled Ibn Abbas Muhammad Hanife wrote a letter to him in order to console him in this event. Then I informed that Abdullah Ben Zobeir exiled you to Taef…
Ibn Hamdun, Muhammad Ibn Al-Hassan Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali (died in 608 Hegira) Al-Tazkarat Al-Hamdunie v 4 p 309; researched by: Ehsan Abbas; Bekr Abbas; published by: Dar Sader; Beirut- First Edition; 1996 Al-Abi Abu Saad Mansur Ibn Al-Husain (died in 421 Hegira) Nasr Al-Dor Fi Al-Mohazerat v 1 p 282; researched by: Khaled Abd Al-Ghani Mahfuz; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; First Edition; 1424 Hegira; 2004

/J

 


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