The decision about bombing Japan
By mid-1945, the Japanese were gradually defeated and driven to their islands. Their Navy and Air Force equipment were destroyed since a long ago and
Translator: Davood Salehan
By mid-1945, the Japanese were gradually defeated and driven to their islands. Their Navy and Air Force equipment were destroyed since a long ago and Japan cities were heavily bombing by the Americans. Western Allies and China, which called for unconditional surrender of Japan, knew that their country is defeated, but they accepted the peace in their own terms. One of the main conditions of them was that the emperor should be allowed to remain as the leader of Japan's hereditary. Their effort for peace with the circumstances that might lead to earlier submission failed. Allied stressed on Japan's unconditional surrender. Soviets had promised to cooperate with allies against Japan. So they were ready to attack Japanese army which had occupied Manchuria. The Japanese army was ready to defend their homeland. Japanese in a bitter war in the Pacific Islands showed that they will fight to death rather than surrender, for example in the islands "Iwo Jima "and" Okinawa " thousands of American soldiers were killed by the Japanese who had courage to the point of suicide. America's leaders had understood that attack on the main island of Japan will cause many soldiers killed. After the debate, they concluded to quickly apply nuclear bombs, which were made for use against Germany, to end the war in Japan.
English agreed with the proposal. Some of the scientists of physics that helped to make the atomic bomb became fearful of throwing bombs on Japanese citizens and tried to convince America to only depict the force of the bomb to the Japanese and throw it where no one is hurt. Seven nuclear scientist said their opinion in a letter to Secretary of War America as follow:
With pure optimism, we hope to achieve international agreement to prevent sudden use of atomic bombs on Japan to save American lives. Confidence of the world might have been lost due to creating such a wave of panic and caused split opinion in America. From this perspective, new weapons testing can be done in the presence of UN representatives on a deserted island or desert. The best possible atmosphere for reaching an international agreement is possible when America could say to the world: "You saw what we had and we did not use the weapon." We are ready to turn a blind eye to using it as long as other countries agree with us that there is an organization to monitor it.
Other scientists believed that the decision should be in charge of the military leaders because Americans only had two atomic bombs to use and they should have not waste them!
In 1945, Faculty of nuclear energy by presence of "Enrico Fermi" and "Robert Oppenheimer" represented its report on the atomic bomb to the government of America as follows:
They asked us to make comment about the issue whether to use the bomb or not. We did not know a bit about the military state of the Japanese that could we make them give up by another way or there is no choice but to attack them.
We said that we are not qualified to answer the question just because we are scientists, whether to use the bombs or not? ... In our opinion, two factors must be considered: first, saving the lives in the war and the effect of our actions for proving our power and stability of the world after war. We said that we do not think that explosion of one of the bombs would be probably very effective like firecrackers on the desert.
Later historians commented that Japan would have surrendered without dropping bombs, and also stated that the United States used the bombs because they wanted to demonstrate their power to the Soviet Union.
"Henry Stimson", America's war minister, announced in August 1945:
The main objective of the United States of America in the summer of 1945 was immediate and complete surrender of Japan. In mid-July 1945, Spying section of the General War Department estimated the military power of Japan that about 5 million people. According to our estimation there was a great possibility that the Japanese government would have showed resistance till the end. In such Allies would have faced heavy duties to destroy the 5 million soldiers' army; the army that belonged to an ethnic that had proven its ability to death. Japan's defeat plans had been prepared without relying on nuclear weapons. We had estimated that the main war would not finish sooner than the last half of 1946. They had notified me that such operation possibly cause the death of a million American troops. My main goal was to win the war with victory and the least possible loss of our military men.
But the decision for the atomic bomb was a decision that caused the deaths of more than 100 thousand Japan. No description can change the facts, and I do not want to talk about the details, but this previous decision about the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ended the war of Japan. By this, shelling and war siege ended and finally terrible clash of large armies was ended.
Harry Truman's decision
"Harry Truman", America's new president in those circumstances, made his final decision about the use of the atomic bomb in Japan. He says in his statement:
The final decision about where and when to use the atomic bomb was on me. Let us not to make mistake in this case. I knew the bomb as a military weapon and never had doubt about using it. Senior military advisors recommended me to use it and when I spoke to "Churchill" without hesitation he told me that if using bombs help to end the war, he agrees to use it.
We need a brief introduction of the history of political activities of Mr. Truman for our readers:
"Allen A. Robertson", the Freemason author provided evidence in his book" Brother Truman "on his Masonic action by which it becomes clear that" Truman" was member in different Masonic formations, and in all of them he achieved No. 33. He achieved the highest authority in 1923 from "independent Masonic ledge" as "Knights of the Temple". He was commitment to his relations with the Jews so much that no one even could think of a moment him cutting them, therefore "Truman" was recorded in history as the founder of the Jewish state. During the next three years, he led the United Nations to the establishment of the State of Israel in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and followed by it, he made the biggest economic assistance to the government of the usurpers. Chief Rabbi of Israel addressing Truman during his visit to the White House in 1949 said:
God put you in your mother's womb to support the establishment of Israel in the second millennium. "
This policy of "Truman" granted Jewish lobby aids towards him. In presidential campaign of 1948 (Year of establishment of usurper regime of Israel) he won the largest number of votes by Jews. And so he was close to Zionists more than past. In fact, the Jewish lobby and Israel had always had friendly relationships with important presidents of America including "Wilson", "Roosevelt" and "Truman" and had them under surveillance, and ministers and members of Congress of America were also under pressure and must have obeyed the lobby unconditionally.