Israel's nuclear weapons and forces
Accurate information is not available in regard to the nuclear capability of this regime, but since the minimum information for Arab national security is
Translator: Davood Salehan
Accurate information is not available in regard to the nuclear capability of this regime, but since the minimum information for Arab national security is necessary, we will examine the Israeli nuclear capability and nuclear weapons.
1. Israel's first nuclear power
Precise information on the number of Israeli nuclear bombs is not available, but in different years, the approximate statistics are mentioned:
The Spiegel newspaper on the half-year of 1969 announced that Israel has about five or six nuclear bombs. The British Times also wrote after Israeli President Ephraim Katzir spoke about Israel's ability to produce nuclear weapons: "Israel's nuclear activities are limited, but the same activities have made Israel able to build six or seven nuclear bombs in recent years."
On March 16, 1976, the New York Times reported that, according to CIA intelligence, Israel has built about 10 to 20 nuclear bombs.
On May 12, 1976, the Times magazine wrote on a special report called "How did Israel get a nuclear bomb?" and it explained how in the time of the 1973 war, Israel had thirteen nuclear bombs and sent them to air stations without explosive devices on October 8, 1973 so to be prepared in the event of an attack and siege of Syria in Golan Heights. The magazine insisted that it received the information from the Israeli authorities.
In 1984, according to an American scientist Arnold Karim, during an extensive research project, Israel has the materials to build 15 bombs. At the same time, a researcher at the University, Pitter Berry, said Israel had produced about 11 to 31 nuclear weapons made of plutonium.
When information was released in 1986 on the production of about 100 nuclear bombs in Israel, the Military Balance Report, 1988, 89 also proved that Israel has one hundred nuclear warheads, and there are probably also neutron warheads. The statistics of this publication until 1998 shows the same amount of nuclear warheads without any changes.
On June 21, 1991, the Ehrenot newspaper published a report by an Israeli writer, Rami Tal, who said the National Information Council of the United States, created by the head of the CIA, earlier gave a report to former President George W. Bush which shows the Middle East weapons until May 1991, and it has been proved that Israel has between 60 and 80 nuclear bombs. The statistics from the report, collected by the CIA, have been taken from the National Security Agency, the Pentagon Information Agency and the Energy Information Agency.
On December 19, 1995, the Haaret Newspaper reported that according to a study by the US Department of State, Israel is able to build 70 nuclear bombs, due to the production of plutonium in Dijon's nuclear power plants. According to the research, since 1964, Israel has produced an average of 16 kilograms of plutonium per year from 1964 and now has 350 kilograms of plutonium. Given that every nuclear warhead needs 5.5 kilograms of plutonium, so Israel has been able to produce three nuclear bombs a year.
On December 26, 1996, Tariq Al-Nahr, an Egyptian scientist who heads the research team at the University of Tanta University's Nuclear Reflection Research Works, told the Connect Middle east of UK that the Zionist regime has carried out several nuclear bomb tests with neutron bombs, and research works at nuclear Reflections workshop continued from 1991 and continued until 1996, which emphasizes this.
Jordan's latest al-Rawi newspaper, quoted by British sources on November 30, 1996, has claimed that recently satellite images taken by Russian and French espionage satellites prove that Israel has 200 nuclear warheads, and that warheads are installed on long-range and intermediate board missiles and they are ready for flight at any moment. An American military writer named Harold Hodge in the UK's Jane defense magazine wrote that the photographs are quite accurate and that nuclear warheads stretch along the Lebanese border. According to Harold Houj, nuclear weapons are being collected in the Bhutfat district of Al-Jalil, ballistic missiles are being built in the Baer Yaqub area at the center of Israel, and nuclear bombs are stored in the area of Ilaben near the Syrian border. The base for launching ballistic missiles equipped with weapons of mass destruction weapons is located near Qfarzakharia.
A scholar at the Israeli University of Israel, Shahak, who resides in the United States, wrote in his open book the open Secret: Israel's Nuclear and Foreign Policy: that Israel has 60 to 80 nuclear warheads targeting Arab capitals, Arab nuclear facilities and some important areas in the former Soviet republics. He adds that Israel is ready to use these nuclear weapons in case of extreme conditions to destroy the sensitive and strategic centers of the Arab world, such as the Aswan dam. This is the main axis of the foreign policy of this regime, relying on Israel's preservation as the only nuclear power of the region and it is in the immediate vicinity of the Persian Gulf states, and thus the gates of domination over this region of a world full of oil and vital to the United States are always open.
On May 28, 1998, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) announced that Israel was conducting a nuclear test in the Gulf of Eilat, which resulted in an earthquake. Israel's deputy secretary of state, Sylvan Shalom, dated June 17, 1998, denied the authenticity of the information and said Israel was committed to a nuclear-test ban that it signed.
Regarding the nuclear-related cooperation between India and Israel, especially Pakistan, and the implementation of five nuclear tests in India, which allegedly were two tests for Israel, and denial of any cooperation from Israel, followed by the execution of six nuclear tests from Pakistan on May 1998, quoting the British magazine Jeans Intelligence Review, it wrote that Israel has a Continental missile with hydrogen atomic warheads and two-stage intermediate-range missiles with nuclear warheads with a dry fuel and a range of three thousand kilometers. Meanwhile, there are also different types of nuclear bombs capable of being thrown to the sky from artillery. So, given that on the one hand, Israeli officials declare that they have the ability to produce nuclear weapons, but they have not produced it so far, and various statistics on the existence of nuclear weapons in Israel are publishes and we cannot accurately say how many nuclear warheads Israel has. Apart from the Israeli nuclear power plants that produce plutonium, there is also confidential information about the purchase of plutonium from France and South Africa, which complicates the provision of accurate statistics on the number of Israeli nuclear warheads.
2. Types of nuclear bombs and their launch vehicles
Information from Israel, its nuclear tests in the South Atlantic in 1979, the smuggling of advanced particle processing devices from the United States, and the production of Lithium 6, Tritium and Deuterium, the primary material needed to produce hydrogen bombs, shows that Israel is likely to produce 200 tons of hydrogen bombs that are slightly smaller than international ones. It's worth knowing that the bombs' explosion force is based on international standards based on the Megathen equivalent of the explosion of one million tons of TNT. An English scientist, Franck Bernaby, in 1986 estimated that Israel had about 35 small hydrogen bombs. It is possible that Israel has tactical nuclear bombs about 2 Kiloton and several neutron bombs. The neutron bombs ordered by the former president Ronald Reagan in early 1981 were the best nuclear weapons in battlefields, since the neutron rays lose their effect after a short time, and they will cause no problem for buildings, Devices, etc., and the forces in the war can still use them. "In this regard, Simon Hirsch writes in his book:" Technicians in Dimona in the mid-eighties had produced hundreds of light neutron warheads capable of having maximum the enemy's human casualties and minimum financial and building damage. "He also added that former officers of the Israeli army said that about one hundred bombs usable in heavy artillery 175 mm and 203 mm made in the United States are ready for operation. The same writer and, of course, other writers also have estimated that Israel has nuclear mines. Israeli nuclear missiles are portable and aimed by airplanes and missiles, Skye Hawk fighters, Phantom F4, Kafir 7/2 "," F 15 "and" F 16 "as well as ballistic missiles" Lance "and" Jericho "in all available models and heavy artillery" M 107 "and" M 110 "along with Harabun missiles, which serve the Israeli navy, are capable of carrying and launching nuclear warheads.