Reducing the number of reserve forces of Israel
The article is designed to explain the extent of Israeli military capabilities. The author describes the structure of the Israeli military and the nature of the goals, and sees the strategic thinking of such an army entirely in opposition to other military forces in the Middle East region. He first examines the characteristics of Israeli military thinking, and then he assesses the effects of such thinking on the various sections of the Israeli army, in terms of the number of forces, the size of their weapons and their strategic importance, and believes that Israel according to its military power is able to fight with all the Arab countries in the region, however, Israeli strategists have special attention to the expansion of nuclear power and nuclear weapons to complete deterrence and preserve the prevalence of weapons and to compensate for the shortage of military personnel. In the words of the author, since the United States has always called on the Arab states not to seek nuclear weapons, the Israeli government will never officially declare that it has a nuclear arsenal, since declaring such an issue in Middle Eastern policies of the United States will have a totally negative effect, and It will naturally put pressure on the regime.
General Shaul Mofaz, head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on January 12, 1999, summarized reducing the number of reserve forces as follows and then speaks about the Israeli navy as an example:
Increasing the main forces to be more prepared to deal with any sudden attack using ballistic missiles; abolishing 2,000 regular military jobs, including 8 general and 20 colonies degrees, in order to provide the necessary budget for the development of weapons and advanced equipment and providing the army with less volume and more power and is capable of providing anti-missile ballistic missiles; commandership of ground forces will take over the responsibility of the ground army in all areas of training and organizing and has more time for commanding and controlling centers in other areas of the country so that the head of the Joint institute can coordinate various aspects of the armed forces and the pursuit of strategic missions and the transformation of military thought. it can be understood through little information that the Israeli press has published about the development of military thought that the new military thought of this country are quite consistent with the regional and international developments after The Cold War, the Iraqi missile attack on Israel in the Persian Gulf War of 1991 and the developments in the Middle East in relation to Peace Process by Arab countries, but given the controversy among the followers of previous security theories that still have power in the Israeli military and fans of The new military thought, the changes and differences are still unclear. Indeed, these disagreements began after the 1973 war and affected the balance between the various parts of the Israeli military, so that the size and the role of the mechanized troops of the ground forces increased, but the fact is reserved that the Israeli army basically relied on the essential role of tanks. Meanwhile, the size and model of anti-tank equipment and air defense and, more recently, anti-ballistic missile have increased, and various types of ballistic missiles have entered weapons of Israel. They have also paid attention to the purchase of advanced fighter jets such as F-15s and submarines and warships for the transformation of the navy. Nevertheless, we still believe that the Israeli military base cannot basically change from a defensive force to an aggressive force, since such a change contradicts with Israel's strategic capabilities, and in addition, it is in conflict with the political goals and main reason for the establishment of such a state in the heart of The Arab world. Speeches seamlessly shared by the media also show the fears of this regime from weapons such as ballistic missiles from Syria, Egypt and Iran. For this reason, much of Israel's technical and monetary efforts, with the full cooperation of the United States, have been devoted to the creation of a large number of anti-missile missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles capable of detecting the launch of any ballistic missile and destroying it at the top of the missile launcher and activities. In this context, Israel is in collaboration with the United States of America and is trying to develop a laser weapon to counter the Katiusha missiles used by Lebanon's national resistance to prevent Israeli attacks on Lebanese citizens. In continue, we will briefly discuss the different parts of the Israeli military.
The navy of this regime and the Arab countries played a marginal role in the wars of 1948, 1956 and 1967, but after the sinking of the Israeli navy "Eilat" on October 21, 1967, by two Egyptian Kumar rides near Port Said by three missiles "Sticks", Israel began to reconsider the structure and capabilities of its navy. In the 1973 war, the Israeli navy was transformed in three ways:
1. Israel had concluded that in all regions of the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, a strong naval presence should be able to withstand the threats of planes and submarines;
Given that Egypt was able to seize the Red Sea and the Strait of Babylon in the 1973 war, Israel used submarines and other fleets to deal with such events without relying on the navies of the great powers. Special attention was paid to the implementation of the military tactics of the "helicopter - carrier", in such a way that helicopters would entertain enemy's warship with their maneuvers and weapons and at the appropriate moment the Israeli navy injures them. The naval forces of Israel are now in the third position of the military forces of this regime after the Air and land forces. The number of active human forces is about 7,000 Navy, rising to 12,000 Navy during general mobilization. The most important naval bases of Israel are located in Haifa, Ashdod and Eilat. In short, the Navy's naval weapons of the regime are as follows:
Israel has three Dolphin 800 submarines. The submarines weighing 1720 tons under water, and these submarines are equipped with Harboon rockets with a range of 124 kilometers. Posted by Jerusalem Post on July 3, 1998, Israel entered talks with Germany in 1988 to build these submarines, but due to its rising prices, negotiations ended in 1990. But after the end of the Persian Gulf War, and when German Foreign Minister, Hans Dietrich Ginsher, visited Israel and visited the Ramtegan area located five kilometers from Tel Aviv in which Iraqi "Scud" missile fell, the German government announced that it would donate the Israelis two Dolphin submarines free of charge, and this same issue led to the purchase of another submarine of this model by Israel. In 1994, the submarines' staff began their training exercises. The first submarine was given to the regime in 1997 and other submarines were given in 1999. Israel's Navy believes it will be able to meet the challenges of the Mediterranean to the coast of Libya and at the depths of the Red Sea, by getting the Dolphin's advanced submarines. The Washington Times reported that Israel has been installing cruise missiles with nuclear warheads on these submarines to be a deterrent element against any possible attack on its nuclear facilities by Iran or any other country in the Middle East. The report was also published by Ordain London newspaper, arguing that military analysts believe that the Islamic countries of the region, especially Iran, will undoubtedly acquire nuclear weapons, and on this basis, Israel should prepare for a second blow if its nuclear facilities in the ground stations are under a sudden attack. The same newspaper, quoted by American analysts, added that the cruise air-ground missiles that Israel is transforming and developing them and they would be used in 2002, called "Papi Turbo", with a range of 350 kilometers, could be used easily by carrying nuclear warheads by submarines. Jerusalem Post also said that the Dolphin submarines have diesel and electric engines, and it added that Israel has 150 nuclear warheads and 50 ground-to-ground ballistic missiles of "Jericho 2" type. The missiles are located in the Zacharyan airspace of southeastern Tel Aviv. There are also three search submarines in "Ficcres 206/500" model designed by the German and made in Britain at the Haifa Sea Stand, which are currently on sale.
The model and number of warships are as follows:
3 Corvettes which can handle about 7,400 km without refueling. Due to the fact that the distance between the port of Eilat and the Bab Al-Mandab Strait are in a straight line at 2100 km, this vessel can store fuel by passing 4,200 km of way and 3200 km to store fuel for navy maneuvers. The distance between the Haifa port and the port of Tripoli in Libya is about 2,000 kilometers with a straight line. The ships have two anti-submarine helicopters, a 130-km-long Harboon missile, 36 kilograms ranged Gabrielle 2 missiles, and "Barak" Israeli missiles with a range of 10 kilometers.
The "Alyeh" carrier / helicopter weighing 488 tons, helicopters are anti-submarine, and the ship has Harbor and Gabriel missles.
The "Hetz" missile / helicopter war vessel previously called Nirit has an anti-submarine helicopter, four Harabun missiles, six Gabriel's medium-range missiles, and 32 Barak missiles.
Three large ships of the "Rumati" model. Each weighs approximately 488 tons and has weapons, including two harbor spacecraft launching platforms [totally eight], and six platforms for the launch of the Gabriel spacecraft.
8 "Rashif" warships with a weight of approximately 415 tons for each. It can travel 6400 km without refueling at a speed of 32 km / h. The main weapons of these warships are two long-range harbor launch planes [eight missiles] and eight Gabriel intermediate-range missiles.
6 "Miutauch" ships, each weighing approximately 220 tons, are the main weapons of these vehicles, including four Longhorn Harbor missiles and five Gabriel missiles.
15 "super dora" coastal boats weighing approximately 47 tons have a very high maneuverability, with a maximum speed of up to 48 nautical miles, 88 kilometers per hour. The ship has two 20-mm artilleries and two Gabriel missiles.
15 "Dobor" sail boats with a weight of approximately 35 tons and a maximum speed of 21.8 nautical miles (40.3 kilometers per hour) have two 20-mm artilleries and anti-submarine bombs. In this way, it is noteworthy that the power of the Zionist regime's warship, which included only 82 Gabriel missiles in the 1973 war, now include 348 Harbor and Gabriel missiles with the exception of the high power of the submarines. Meanwhile, since 1996, the Israeli navy has built new artillery called "Thaifun" that has a remote control system to reduce the risk of sailors' lives. This artillery is made for coastal sail boats.
4. Main ground-water forces
According to Military Balance statistics, in 1997-1994, the Israeli navy has the following main groundwater resources: ship carrying and launching the tank made in Netherlands, the "Bet Shawa" model with a maximum weight of 900 tons. Three big boats for delivering and moving Israeli-made "Ashdod" tank, with a maximum load of 730 tons, with no load of 400 tons.
5. Commando forces of the Navy:
About three hundred submarine commandos operate in this force, and the duration of these commandos' training lasts twenty months.